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Revelation 18:12

Context
18:12 cargo such as gold, silver, 1  precious stones, pearls, fine linen, purple cloth, silk, 2  scarlet cloth, 3  all sorts of things made of citron wood, 4  all sorts of objects made of ivory, all sorts of things made of expensive wood, bronze, iron and marble,

Revelation 18:16

Context
18:16 saying,

“Woe, woe, O great city –

dressed in fine linen, purple and scarlet clothing, 5 

and adorned with gold, 6  precious stones, and pearls –

1 tn Grk “and silver,” but καί (kai) has not been translated before most of these terms since English normally uses a coordinating conjunction only between the last two elements in a series of three or more

2 tn On this term BDAG 924-25 s.v. σιρικός states, “per. to silk from Ser, subst. τὸ σιρικόν silk cloth or garments w. other costly materials Rv 18:12.”

3 tn On the translation of κόκκινον (kokkinon) as “scarlet cloth” see L&N 6.170.

4 tn On the phrase πᾶν ξύλον θύϊνον (pan xulon quinon) L&N 3.63 states, “pertaining to being made or consisting of citron wood (that is, from a citron tree) – ‘of citron wood.’ καὶ πᾶν ξύλον θύϊνον καὶ πᾶν σκεῦος ἐλεφάντινον ‘and all kinds of things made of citron wood and all kinds of objects made of ivory’ Re 18:12. The citron tree belongs to the citrus family of plants, and it produces a pale yellow fruit somewhat larger than a lemon, the rind of which is often candied. In Re 18:12, however, the focus is upon the fine quality of the wood.”

5 tn The word “clothing” is supplied to clarify that the words “purple” and “scarlet” refer to cloth or garments rather than colors.

6 tn Grk “gilded with gold” (an instance of semantic reinforcement, see L&N 49.29).



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