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Revelation 14:6-7

Context
Three Angels and Three Messages

14:6 Then 1  I saw another 2  angel flying directly overhead, 3  and he had 4  an eternal gospel to proclaim 5  to those who live 6  on the earth – to every nation, tribe, 7  language, and people. 14:7 He declared 8  in a loud voice: “Fear God and give him glory, because the hour of his judgment has arrived, and worship the one who made heaven and earth, the sea and the springs of water!”

1 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence within the narrative.

2 tc Most mss (Ì47 א* Ï sa) lack ἄλλον (allon, “another”) here, but the support for it is stronger (Ì115vid א2 A C P 051 1006 1611 1841 2053 2329 al latt sy bo). The problem that its inclusion represents is that there is no reference to any other angel in the immediate context (the last mention was in 11:15). In this instance, the longer reading is harder. The word was probably intentionally omitted in order to resolve the tension; less likely, it might have been accidentally omitted since its spelling is similar to “angel” (ἄγγελος, angelos).

3 tn L&N 1.10 states, “a point or region of the sky directly above the earth – ‘high in the sky, midpoint in the sky, directly overhead, straight above in the sky.’”

4 tn Grk “having.”

5 tn Or “an eternal gospel to announce as good news.”

6 tn Grk “to those seated on the earth.”

7 tn Grk “and tribe,” but καί (kai) has not been translated here or before the following term since English normally uses a coordinating conjunction only between the last two elements in a series of three or more.

8 tn Grk “people, saying.” In the Greek text this is a continuation of the previous sentence. For the translation of λέγω (legw) as “declare,” see BDAG 590 s.v. 2.e.



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