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Revelation 12:1-4

Context
The Woman, the Child, and the Dragon

12:1 Then 1  a great sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, and with the moon under her feet, and on her head was a crown of twelve stars. 2  12:2 She 3  was pregnant and was screaming in labor pains, struggling 4  to give birth. 12:3 Then 5  another sign appeared in heaven: a huge red dragon that had seven heads and ten horns, and on its heads were seven diadem crowns. 6  12:4 Now 7  the dragon’s 8  tail swept away a third of the stars in heaven and hurled them to the earth. Then 9  the dragon stood before the woman who was about to give birth, so that he might devour her child as soon as it was born.

1 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence within the narrative.

2 sn Sunmoonstars. This imagery is frequently identified with the nation Israel because of Joseph’s dream in Gen 37.

3 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.

4 tn Grk “and being tortured,” though βασανίζω (basanizw) in this context refers to birth pangs. BDAG 168 s.v. 2.b states, “Of birth-pangs (Anth. Pal. 9, 311 βάσανος has this mng.) Rv 12:2.” The καί (kai) has not been translated.

5 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the vision.

6 tn For the translation of διάδημα (diadhma) as “diadem crown” see L&N 6.196.

sn Diadem crowns were a type of crown used as a symbol of the highest ruling authority in a given area, and thus often associated with kingship.

7 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “now” to indicate that this remark is virtually parenthetical.

8 tn Grk “its”; the referent (the dragon) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

9 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the vision.



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