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Psalms 28:1

Psalm 28 1 

By David.

28:1 To you, O Lord, I cry out!

My protector, 2  do not ignore me! 3 

If you do not respond to me, 4 

I will join 5  those who are descending into the grave. 6 

Psalms 31:2-3


31:2 Listen to me! 7 

Quickly deliver me!

Be my protector and refuge, 8 

a stronghold where I can be safe! 9 

31:3 For you are my high ridge 10  and my stronghold;

for the sake of your own reputation 11  you lead me and guide me. 12 

Psalms 89:26


89:26 He will call out to me,

‘You are my father, 13  my God, and the protector who delivers me.’ 14 

Psalms 95:1

Psalm 95 15 

95:1 Come! Let’s sing for joy to the Lord!

Let’s shout out praises to our protector who delivers us! 16 

1 sn Psalm 28. The author looks to the Lord for vindication, asks that the wicked be repaid in full for their evil deeds, and affirms his confidence that the Lord will protect his own.

2 tn Heb “my rocky summit.” The Lord is compared to a rocky summit where one can find protection from enemies. See Ps 18:2.

3 tn Heb “do not be deaf from me.”

4 tn Heb “lest [if] you are silent from me.”

5 tn Heb “I will be equal with.”

6 tn Heb “the pit.” The noun בּוֹר (bor, “pit, cistern”) is sometimes used of the grave and/or the realm of the dead.

7 tn Heb “turn toward me your ear.”

8 tn Heb “become for me a rocky summit of refuge.”

9 tn Heb “a house of strongholds to deliver me.”

10 sn The metaphor of the high ridge pictures God as a rocky, relatively inaccessible summit, where one would be able to find protection from enemies. See 1 Sam 23:25, 28.

11 tn Heb “name.” The Hebrew term שֵׁם (shem, “name”) refers here to the Lord’s reputation. (The English term “name” is often used the same way.)

12 tn The present translation assumes that the imperfect verbal forms are generalizing, “you lead me and guide me.” Other options are to take them as an expression of confidence about the future, “you will lead me and guide me” (cf. NASB), or as expressing a prayer, “lead me and guide me” (cf. NEB, NIV, NRSV).

13 sn You are my father. The Davidic king was viewed as God’s “son” (see 2 Sam 7:14; Ps 2:7). The idiom reflects ancient Near Eastern adoption language associated with covenants of grant, by which a lord would reward a faithful subject by elevating him to special status, referred to as “sonship.” Like a son, the faithful subject received an “inheritance,” viewed as an unconditional, eternal gift. Such gifts usually took the form of land and/or an enduring dynasty. See M. Weinfeld, “The Covenant of Grant in the Old Testament and in the Ancient Near East,” JAOS 90 (1970): 184-203, for general discussion and some striking extra-biblical parallels.

14 tn Heb “the rocky summit of my deliverance.”

15 sn Psalm 95. The psalmist summons Israel to praise God as the creator of the world and the nation’s protector, but he also reminds the people not to rebel against God.

16 tn Heb “to the rocky summit of our deliverance.”

TIP #08: Use the Strong Number links to learn about the original Hebrew and Greek text. [ALL]
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