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Psalms 22:11-13

Context

22:11 Do not remain far away from me,

for trouble is near and I have no one to help me. 1 

22:12 Many bulls 2  surround me;

powerful bulls of Bashan 3  hem me in.

22:13 They 4  open their mouths to devour me 5 

like a roaring lion that rips its prey. 6 

1 tn Heb “and there is no helper.”

2 sn The psalmist figuratively compares his enemies to dangerous bulls.

3 sn Bashan, located east of the Jordan River, was well-known for its cattle. See Ezek 39:18; Amos 4:1.

4 tn “They” refers to the psalmist’s enemies, who in the previous verse are described as “powerful bulls.”

5 tn Heb “they open against me their mouth[s].” To “open the mouth against” is a Hebrew idiom associated with eating and swallowing (see Ezek 2:8; Lam 2:16).

6 tn Heb “a lion ripping and roaring.”



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