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Psalms 20:5-7

Context

20:5 Then we will shout for joy over your 1  victory;

we will rejoice 2  in the name of our God!

May the Lord grant all your requests!

20:6 Now I am sure 3  that the Lord will deliver 4  his chosen king; 5 

he will intervene for him 6  from his holy heavenly temple, 7 

and display his mighty ability to deliver. 8 

20:7 Some trust in chariots and others in horses, 9 

but we 10  depend on 11  the Lord our God.

1 sn Your victory. Here the king is addressed (see v. 1).

2 tc The Hebrew verb דָּגַל (dagal) occurs only here in the Qal. If accepted as original, it may carry the nuance “raise a banner,” but it is preferable to emend the form to נגיל (“we will rejoice”) which provides better parallelism with “shout for joy” and fits well with the prepositional phrase “in the name of our God” (see Ps 89:16).

3 tn Or “know.”

sn Now I am sure. The speaker is not identified. It is likely that the king, referring to himself in the third person (note “his chosen king”), responds to the people’s prayer. Perhaps his confidence is due to the reception of a divine oracle of salvation.

4 tn The perfect verbal form is probably used rhetorically to state that the deliverance is as good as done. In this way the speaker emphasizes the certainty of the deliverance. Another option is to take the statement as generalizing; the psalmist affirms that the Lord typically delivers the king.

5 tn Heb “his anointed one.” This title refers to the Davidic king. See Pss 2:2 and 18:50.

6 tn Heb “he will answer him.”

7 tn Heb “from his holy heavens.”

8 tn Heb “with mighty acts of deliverance of his right hand.” The Lord’s “right hand” here symbolizes his power to protect and deliver (see Ps 17:7).

9 tn Heb “these in chariots and these in horses.” No verb appears; perhaps the verb “invoke” is to be supplied from the following line. In this case the idea would be that some “invoke” (i.e., trust in) their military might for victory (cf. NEB “boast”; NIV “trust”; NRSV “take pride”). Verse 8 suggests that the “some/others” mentioned here are the nation’s enemies.

10 tn The grammatical construction (conjunction + pronominal subject) highlights the contrast between God’s faithful people and the others mentioned in the previous line.

11 tn Heb “we invoke the name of.” The Hiphil of זָכַר (zakhar), when combined with the phrase “in the name,” means “to invoke” (see Josh 23:7; Isa 48:1; Amos 6:10). By invoking the Lord’s name in prayer, the people demonstrate their trust in him.



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