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Psalms 109:22-24

Context

109:22 For I am oppressed and needy,

and my heart beats violently within me. 1 

109:23 I am fading away like a shadow at the end of the day; 2 

I am shaken off like a locust.

109:24 I am so starved my knees shake; 3 

I have turned into skin and bones. 4 

1 tc The verb in the Hebrew text (חָלַל, khalal) appears to be a Qal form from the root חלל meaning “pierced; wounded.” However, the Qal of this root is otherwise unattested. The translation assumes an emendation to יָחִיל (yakhil), a Qal imperfect from חוּל (khul, “tremble”) or to חֹלַל (kholal), a polal perfect from חוּל (khul). See Ps 55:4, which reads לִבִּי יָחִיל בְּקִרְבִּי (libbiy yakhil bÿqirbbiy, “my heart trembles [i.e., “beats violently”] within me”).

2 tn Heb “like a shadow when it is extended I go.” He is like a late afternoon shadow made by the descending sun that will soon be swallowed up by complete darkness. See Ps 102:11.

3 tn Heb “my knees stagger from fasting.”

4 tn Heb “and my flesh is lean away from fatness [i.e., “lean so as not to be fat”].”



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