105:1 Give thanks to the Lord!
Call on his name!
Make known his accomplishments among the nations!
105:2 Sing to him!
Make music to him!
Tell about all his miraculous deeds!
105:3 Boast about his holy name!
Let the hearts of those who seek the Lord rejoice!
105:4 Seek the Lord and the strength he gives!
Seek his presence continually!
105:5 Recall the miraculous deeds he performed,
his mighty acts and the judgments he decreed, 2
105:7 He is the Lord our God;
he carries out judgment throughout the earth. 8
105:8 He always remembers his covenantal decree,
the promise he made 9 to a thousand generations –
the promise he made by oath to Isaac!
105:10 He gave it to Jacob as a decree,
to Israel as a lasting promise, 11
105:11 saying, “To you I will give the land of Canaan
as the portion of your inheritance.”
105:12 When they were few in number,
just a very few, and resident aliens within it,
105:13 they wandered from nation to nation,
and from one kingdom to another. 12
105:14 He let no one oppress them;
he disciplined kings for their sake,
Don’t harm my prophets!”
105:16 He called down a famine upon the earth;
he cut off all the food supply. 15
Joseph was sold as a servant.
his neck was placed in an iron collar, 18
the ruler of nations set him free.
and made him manager of all his property,
and to teach his advisers. 25
Jacob lived for a time 27 in the land of Ham.
and to mistreat 32 his servants.
105:26 He sent his servant Moses,
and Aaron, whom he had chosen.
and his amazing deeds in the land of Ham.
they did not disobey his orders. 35
105:29 He turned their water into blood,
and killed their fish.
105:30 Their land was overrun by frogs,
which even got into the rooms of their kings.
gnats invaded their whole territory.
there was lightning in their land. 38
105:33 He destroyed their vines and fig trees,
and broke the trees throughout their territory.
105:35 They ate all the vegetation in their land,
and devoured the crops of their fields. 40
105:36 He struck down all the firstborn in their land,
the firstfruits of their reproductive power. 41
none of his tribes stumbled.
105:38 Egypt was happy when they left,
for they were afraid of them. 44
and provided a fire to light up the night.
he satisfied them with food from the sky. 47
105:41 He opened up a rock and water flowed out;
a river ran through dry regions.
he made to Abraham his servant.
105:43 When he led his people out, they rejoiced;
his chosen ones shouted with joy. 50
105:44 He handed the territory of nations over to them,
and they took possession of what other peoples had produced, 51
105:45 so that they might keep his commands
and obey 52 his laws.
Praise the Lord!
1 sn Psalm 105. The psalmist summons Israel to praise God because he delivered his people from Egypt in fulfillment of his covenantal promises to Abraham. A parallel version of vv. 1-15 appears in 1 Chr 16:8-22.
2 tn Heb “and the judgments of his mouth.”
3 tn Or “offspring”; Heb “seed.”
5 tn Heb “his”; the referent (God) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
6 tn Heb “sons.”
7 tn Heb “his”; the referent (God) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
8 tn Heb “in all the earth [are] his judgments.”
10 tn Heb “which.”
11 tn Or “eternal covenant.”
12 tn Heb “and from a kingdom to another nation.”
13 tn The word “saying” is supplied in the translation for clarification and for stylistic reasons.
14 tn Heb “anointed.”
17 tn Heb “they afflicted his feet with shackles.”
18 tn Heb “his neck came [into] iron.” The Hebrew term נֶפֶשׁ (nefesh) with the suffix could mean simply “he” or “his life.” But the nuance “neck” makes good sense here (note the reference to his “feet” in the preceding line). See L. C. Allen, Psalms 101-150 (WBC), 38.
20 tn This line may refer to Joseph’s prediction of the famine in response to Pharaoh’s dream. Joseph emphasized to Pharaoh that the interpretation of the dream came from God (see Gen 41:16, 25, 28, 32, 39).
21 tn Heb “refined him.”
22 tn Heb “[the] king sent and set him free.”
23 tn Heb “he made him master of his house.”
24 tn Heb “to bind his officials by his will.”
25 tn Heb “and his elders he taught wisdom.”
26 tn Heb “entered.”
27 tn Heb “lived as a resident alien.”
28 tn Heb “and he”; the referent (the
29 tn Heb “him,” referring to “his people.”
30 tn Heb “his,” referring to “his people.”
31 tn Heb “their heart.”
34 tn Heb “he sent darkness and made it dark.”
sn He made it dark. The psalmist begins with the ninth plague (see Exod 10:21-29).
35 tn Heb “they did not rebel against his words.” Apparently this refers to Moses and Aaron, who obediently carried out God’s orders.
36 tn Heb “he spoke and flies came.”
37 tn Heb “he gave their rains hail.”
38 tn Heb “fire of flames [was] in their land.”
39 tn Heb “he spoke and locusts came.”
40 tn Heb “the fruit of their ground.”
sn Verses 28-36 recall the plagues in a different order than the one presented in Exodus: v. 28 (plague 9), v. 29 (plague 1), v. 30 (plague 2), v. 31a (plague 4), v. 31b (plague 3), vv. 32-33 (plague 7), vv. 34-35 (plague 8), v. 36 (plague 10). No reference is made in Ps 105 to plagues 5 and 6.
42 tn Heb “them”; the referent (the
43 tn The word “enriched” is supplied in the translation for clarification and for stylistic reasons.
44 tn Heb “for fear of them had fallen upon them.”
45 tn Or “curtain.”
46 tn Heb “he [i.e., his people] asked.” The singular form should probably be emended to a plural שָׁאֲלוּ (sha’alu, “they asked”), the vav (ו) having fallen off by haplography (note the vav at the beginning of the following form).
48 tn Or “for.”
49 tn Heb “his holy word.”
50 tn Heb “and he led his people out with joy, with a ringing cry, his chosen ones.”
51 tn Heb “and the [product of the] work of peoples they possessed.”
52 tn Heb “guard.”