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Proverbs 6:34-35

Context

6:34 for jealousy kindles 1  a husband’s 2  rage,

and he will not show mercy 3  when he takes revenge.

6:35 He will not consider 4  any compensation; 5 

he will not be willing, even if you multiply the compensation. 6 

1 tn The word “kindles” was supplied in the translation; both “rage” and “jealousy” have meanings connected to heat.

2 tn Heb “a man’s.”

3 tn The verb חָמַל (khamal) means “to show mercy; to show compassion; to show pity,” usually with the outcome of sparing or delivering someone. The idea here is that the husband will not spare the guilty man any of the punishment (cf. NRSV “he shows no restraint”).

4 tn Heb “lift up the face of,” meaning “regard.”

5 tn The word rendered “compensation” is כֹּפֶר (cofer); it is essentially a ransom price, a sum to be paid to deliver another from debt, bondage, or crime. The husband cannot accept payment as a ransom for a life, since what has happened cannot be undone so easily.

6 tn BDB 1005 s.v. שֹׁחַד suggests that this term means “hush money” or “bribe” (cf. NIV, NRSV, NLT). C. H. Toy takes it as legal compensation (Proverbs [ICC], 142).



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