6:7 He must not defile himself even 1 for his father or his mother or his brother or his sister if they die, 2 because the separation 3 for 4 his God is on his head.
6:12 He must rededicate 8 to the Lord the days of his separation and bring a male lamb in its first year as a reparation offering, 9 but the former days will not be counted 10 because his separation 11 was defiled.
1 tn The vav (ו) conjunction at the beginning of the clause specifies the cases of corpses that are to be avoided, no matter how painful it might be.
2 tn The construction uses the infinitive construct with the preposition and the suffixed subjective genitive – “in the dying of them” – to form the adverbial clause of time.
sn The Nazirite would defile himself, i.e., ruin his vow, by contacting their corpses. Jesus’ hard saying in Matt 8:22, “let the dead bury their own dead,” makes sense in the light of this passage – Jesus was calling for commitment to himself.
3 tn The word “separation” here is metonymy of adjunct – what is on his head is long hair that goes with the vow.
4 tn The genitive could perhaps be interpreted as possession, i.e., “the vow of his God,” but it seems more likely that an objective genitive would be more to the point.
5 tn The construction uses the imperfect tense followed by the infinitive absolute, יָמוּת מֵת (yamut met). Because the verb is in a conditional clause, the emphasis that is to be given through the infinitive must stress the contingency. The point is “if someone dies – unexpectedly.” The next words underscore the suddenness of this.
6 tn The verb is the Piel perfect with a vav (ו) consecutive; it continues the idea within the conditional clause.
7 sn The expression is figurative for the vow that he took; the figure is the metonymy because the reference to the head is a reference to the long hair that symbolizes the oath.
8 tn The same idea is to be found now in the use of the word נָזַר (nazar), which refers to a recommitment after the vow was interrupted.
9 tn The necessity of bringing the reparation offering was due to the reinstatement into the vow that had been interrupted.
10 tn Heb “will fall”; KJV “shall be lost”; ASV, NASB, NRSV “shall be void.”