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Numbers 35:16-19

Context

35:16 “But if he hits someone with an iron tool so that he dies, 1  he is a murderer. The murderer must surely be put to death. 35:17 If he strikes him by throwing a stone large enough that he could die, and he dies, he is a murderer. The murderer must surely be put to death. 35:18 Or if he strikes him with a wooden hand weapon so that he could die, and he dies, he is a murderer. The murderer must surely be put to death. 35:19 The avenger 2  of blood himself must kill the murderer; when he meets him, he must kill him.

Numbers 35:21

Context
35:21 or with enmity he strikes him with his hand and he dies, the one who struck him must surely be put to death, for he is a murderer. The avenger of blood must kill the murderer when he meets him.

Numbers 35:30-31

Context

35:30 “Whoever kills any person, the murderer must be put to death by the testimony 3  of witnesses; but one witness cannot 4  testify against any person to cause him to be put to death. 35:31 Moreover, you must not accept a ransom for the life of a murderer who is guilty of death; he must surely be put to death.

1 tn the verb is the preterite of “die.” The sentence has :“if…he strikes him and he dies.” The vav (ו) consecutive is showing the natural result of the blow.

2 tn The participle גֹּאֵל (goel) is the one who protects the family by seeking vengeance for a crime. This is the same verb used for levirate marriages and other related customs.

3 tn Heb “ at the mouth of”; the metonymy stresses it is at their report.

4 tn The verb should be given the nuance of imperfect of potentiality.



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