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Numbers 32:8-13

Context
32:8 Your fathers did the same thing when I sent them from Kadesh Barnea to see the land. 32:9 When 1  they went up to the Eshcol Valley and saw the land, they frustrated the intent of the Israelites so that they did not enter 2  the land that the Lord had given 3  them. 32:10 So the anger of the Lord was kindled that day, and he swore, 32:11 ‘Because they have not followed me wholeheartedly, 4  not 5  one of the men twenty years old and upward 6  who came from Egypt will see the land that I swore to give 7  to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, 32:12 except Caleb son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite, and Joshua son of Nun, for they followed the Lord wholeheartedly.’ 32:13 So the Lord’s anger was kindled against the Israelites, and he made them wander in the wilderness for forty years, until all that generation that had done wickedly before 8  the Lord was finished. 9 

1 tn The preterite with vav (ו) consecutive is here subordinated to the parallel yet chronologically later verb in the next clause.

2 tn The infinitive construct here with lamed (ל) is functioning as a result clause.

3 tn The Lord had not given it yet, but was going to give it. Hence, the perfect should be classified as a perfect of resolve.

4 tn The clause is difficult; it means essentially that “they have not made full [their coming] after” the Lord.

5 tn The sentence begins with “if they see….” This is the normal way for Hebrew to express a negative oath – “they will by no means see….” The sentence is elliptical; it is saying something like “[May God do so to me] if they see,” meaning they won’t see. Of course here God is taking the oath, which is an anthropomorphic act. He does not need to take an oath, and certainly could not swear by anyone greater, but it communicates to people his resolve.

6 tc The LXX adds “those knowing bad and good.”

7 tn The words “to give” are not in the Hebrew text but have been supplied in the translation for clarity.

8 tn Heb “in the eyes of.”

9 tn The verb is difficult to translate, since it has the idea of “complete, finish” (תָּמָם, tamam). It could be translated “consumed” in this passage (so KJV, ASV); NASB “was destroyed.”



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