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Numbers 2:3

Context
The Tribes on the East

2:3 “Now those who will be camping 1  on the east, toward the sunrise, 2  are the divisions 3  of the camp of Judah under their standard. The leader of the people of Judah is 4  Nahshon son of Amminadab.

Numbers 7:2

Context
7:2 Then the leaders of Israel, the heads of their clans, 5  made an offering. They were the leaders of the tribes; they were the ones who had been supervising 6  the numbering.

Numbers 3:32

Context
3:32 Now the head of all the Levitical leaders 7  was Eleazar son of Aaron the priest. He was appointed over those who were responsible 8  for the sanctuary.

1 tn The sentence begins with a vav (ו) on a word that is not a finite verb, indicating a new section begins here. The verbal form is a participle with the article used substantivally, with the meaning “and/now those camping.” Many English versions employ a finite verb; cf. KJV “on the east side…shall they of the standard of the camp of Judah pitch.”

2 tc The two synonyms might seem to be tautological, but this is fairly common and therefore acceptable in Hebrew prose (cf. Exod 26:18; 38:13; etc.).

3 tn The sentence actually has “[those camping…are] the standard of the camp of Judah according to their divisions.”

4 tn Or “will be.”

5 tn Heb “the house of their fathers.”

6 tn The form is the Qal active participle from the verb “to stand” (עָמַד, ’amad). The form describes these leaders as “the ones standing over [the ones numbered].” The expression, along with the clear indication of the first census in chapter 1, shows that this was a supervisory capacity.

7 tn The Hebrew construction has “the leader of the leaders of” (וּנְשִׂיא נְשִׂיאֵי, unÿsinÿsiey).

8 tn Heb “the keepers of the responsibility” (שֹׁמְרֵי מִשְׁמֶרֶת, shomÿrey mishmeret). The participle is a genitive specifying the duty to which he was appointed (thing possessed); its cognate genitive emphasizes that their responsibility was over the holy place.



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