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Numbers 14:40

Context

14:40 And early 1  in the morning they went up to the crest of the hill country, 2  saying, “Here we are, and we will go up to the place that the Lord commanded, 3  for we have sinned.” 4 

Numbers 14:44-45

Context

14:44 But they dared 5  to go up to the crest of the hill, although 6  neither the ark of the covenant of the Lord nor Moses departed from the camp. 14:45 So the Amalekites and the Canaanites who lived in that hill country swooped 7  down and attacked them 8  as far as Hormah. 9 

1 tn The verb וַיַּשְׁכִּמוּ (vayyashkimu) is often found in a verbal hendiadys construction: “They rose early…and they went up” means “they went up early.”

2 tn The Hebrew text says literally “the top of the hill,” but judging from the location and the terrain it probably means the heights of the hill country.

3 tn The verb is simply “said,” but it means the place that the Lord said to go up to in order to fight.

4 sn Their sin was unbelief. They could have gone and conquered the area if they had trusted the Lord for their victory. They did not, and so they were condemned to perish in the wilderness. Now, thinking that by going they can undo all that, they plan to go. But this is also disobedience, for the Lord said they would not now take the land, and yet they think they can. Here is their second sin, presumption.

5 tn N. H. Snaith compares Arabic ’afala (“to swell”) and gafala (“reckless, headstrong”; Leviticus and Numbers [NCB], 248). The wordעֹפֶל (’ofel) means a “rounded hill” or a “tumor.” The idea behind the verb may be that of “swelling,” and so “act presumptuously.”

6 tn The disjunctive vav (ו) here introduces a circumstantial clause; the most appropriate one here would be the concessive “although.”

7 tn Heb “came down.”

8 tn The verb used here means “crush by beating,” or “pounded” them. The Greek text used “cut them in pieces.”

9 tn The name “Hormah” means “destruction”; it is from the word that means “ban, devote” for either destruction or temple use.



TIP #08: Use the Strong Number links to learn about the original Hebrew and Greek text. [ALL]
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