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Nehemiah 4:5

Context
4:5 Do not cover their iniquity, and do not wipe out their sin from before them. For they have bitterly offended 1  the builders! 2 

Nehemiah 4:9

Context
4:9 So we prayed to our God and stationed a guard to protect against them 3  both day and night.

1 tn The Hiphil stem of כָּעַס (kaas) may mean: (1) “to provoke to anger”; (2) “to bitterly offend”; or (3) “to grieve” (BDB 495 s.v. Hiph.; HALOT 491 s.v. כעס hif). The Hebrew lexicons suggest that “bitterly offend” is the most appropriate nuance here.

2 tn Heb “before the builders.” The preposition נֶגֶד (neged, “before”) here connotes “in the sight of” or “in the view of” (BDB 617 s.v. 1.a; HALOT 666 s.v. 1.a).

3 tn Heb “against them.” The words “to protect” are added in the translation for the sake of clarity and smoothness. Some emend MT עֲלֵיהֶם (alehem, “against them”) to עָלֶיהָ (’aleha, “against it,” i.e., Jerusalem).



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