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Matthew 5:12

Context
5:12 Rejoice and be glad because your reward is great in heaven, for they persecuted the prophets before you in the same way.

Matthew 23:29-36

Context

23:29 “Woe to you, experts in the law 1  and you Pharisees, hypocrites! You 2  build tombs for the prophets and decorate the graves 3  of the righteous. 23:30 And you say, ‘If we had lived in the days of our ancestors, 4  we would not have participated with them in shedding the blood of the prophets.’ 23:31 By saying this you testify against yourselves that you are descendants of those who murdered the prophets. 23:32 Fill up then the measure of your ancestors! 23:33 You snakes, you offspring of vipers! How will you escape being condemned to hell? 5 

23:34 “For this reason I 6  am sending you prophets and wise men and experts in the law, 7  some of whom you will kill and crucify, 8  and some you will flog 9  in your synagogues 10  and pursue from town to town, 23:35 so that on you will come all the righteous blood shed on earth, from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zechariah son of Barachiah, 11  whom you murdered between the temple and the altar. 23:36 I tell you the truth, 12  this generation will be held responsible for all these things! 13 

1 tn Or “scribes.” See the note on the phrase “experts in the law” in 2:4.

2 tn Grk “Because you.” Here ὅτι (Joti) has not been translated.

3 tn Or perhaps “the monuments” (see L&N 7.75-76).

4 tn Grk “fathers” (so also in v. 32).

5 tn Grk “the judgment of Gehenna.”

sn See the note on the word hell in 5:22.

6 tn Grk “behold I am sending.” The Greek word ἰδού (idou) has not been translated because it has no exact English equivalent here, but adds interest and emphasis (BDAG 468 s.v. 1).

7 tn Or “scribes.” See the note on the phrase “experts in the law” in 2:4.

8 sn See the note on crucified in 20:19.

9 tn BDAG 620 s.v. μαστιγόω 1.a states, “of flogging as a punishment decreed by the synagogue (Dt 25:2f; s. the Mishna Tractate Sanhedrin-Makkoth, edited w. notes by SKrauss ’33) w. acc. of pers. Mt 10:17; 23:34.”

10 sn See the note on synagogues in 4:23.

11 sn Spelling of this name (Βαραχίου, Baraciou) varies among the English versions: “Barachiah” (RSV, NRSV); “Berechiah” (NASB); “Berachiah” (NIV).

12 tn Grk “Truly (ἀμήν, amhn), I say to you.”

13 tn Grk “all these things will come on this generation.”



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