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Matthew 2:19-22

Context
The Return to Nazareth

2:19 After Herod 1  had died, an 2  angel of the Lord 3  appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt 2:20 saying, “Get up, take the child and his mother, and go to the land of Israel, for those who were seeking the child’s life are dead.” 2:21 So 4  he got up and took the child and his mother and returned to the land of Israel. 2:22 But when he heard that Archelaus 5  was reigning over Judea in place of his father Herod, 6  he was afraid to go there. After being warned in a dream, he went to the regions of Galilee.

1 sn See the note on King Herod in 2:1. When Herod the Great died in 4 b.c., his kingdom was divided up among his three sons: Archelaus, who ruled over Judea (where Bethlehem was located, v. 22); Philip, who became tetrarch of Iturea and Trachonitis (cf. Luke 3:1); and Antipas, who became tetrarch of Galilee.

2 tn Grk “behold, an angel.” The Greek word ἰδού (idou) has not been translated because it has no exact English equivalent here, but adds interest and emphasis (BDAG 468 s.v. 1).

3 tn Or “the angel of the Lord.” See the note on the word “Lord” in 1:20.

4 tn Here δέ (de) has been translated as “so” to indicate the implied result of the angel’s instructions.

5 sn Archelaus took after his father Herod the Great in terms of cruelty and ruthlessness, so Joseph was afraid to go there. After further direction in a dream, he went instead to Galilee.

6 sn See the note on King Herod in 2:1.



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