2:13 After they had gone, an 1 angel of the Lord 2 appeared to Joseph in a dream and said, “Get up, take the child and his mother and flee to Egypt, and stay there until I tell you, for Herod 3 is going to look for the child to kill him.” 2:14 Then he got up, took the child and his mother during 4 the night, and went to Egypt. 2:15 He stayed there until Herod 5 died. In this way what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet was fulfilled: “I called my Son out of Egypt.” 6
2:16 When Herod 7 saw that he had been tricked by the wise men, he became enraged. He sent men 8 to kill all the children in Bethlehem 9 and throughout the surrounding region from the age of two and under, according to the time he had learned from the wise men. 2:17 Then what was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled:
2:18 “A voice was heard in Ramah,
weeping and loud wailing, 10
Rachel weeping for her children,
2:19 After Herod 13 had died, an 14 angel of the Lord 15 appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt 2:20 saying, “Get up, take the child and his mother, and go to the land of Israel, for those who were seeking the child’s life are dead.” 2:21 So 16 he got up and took the child and his mother and returned to the land of Israel. 2:22 But when he heard that Archelaus 17 was reigning over Judea in place of his father Herod, 18 he was afraid to go there. After being warned in a dream, he went to the regions of Galilee. 2:23 He came to a town called Nazareth 19 and lived there. Then what had been spoken by the prophets was fulfilled, that Jesus 20 would be called a Nazarene. 21
4 tn The feminine singular genitive noun νυκτός (nuktos, “night”) indicates the time during which the action of the main verb takes place (ExSyn 124).
8 tn Or “soldiers.”
10 tc The LXX of Jer 38:15 (31:15 ET) has “lamentation, weeping, and loud wailing”; most later
11 tn Grk “are”; the Greek text uses a present tense verb.
13 sn See the note on King Herod in 2:1. When Herod the Great died in 4
16 tn Here δέ (de) has been translated as “so” to indicate the implied result of the angel’s instructions.
17 sn Archelaus took after his father Herod the Great in terms of cruelty and ruthlessness, so Joseph was afraid to go there. After further direction in a dream, he went instead to Galilee.
19 sn Nazareth was a very small village in the region of Galilee (Galilee lay north of Samaria and Judea). The town was located about 15 mi (25 km) west of the southern edge of the Sea of Galilee. According to Luke 1:26, Mary was living in Nazareth when the birth of Jesus was announced to her.
20 tn There is no expressed subject of the third person singular verb here; the pronoun “he” is implied. Instead of this pronoun the referent “Jesus” has been supplied in the text to clarify to whom this statement refers.
21 tn The Greek could be indirect discourse (as in the text), or direct discourse (“he will be called a Nazarene”). Judging by the difficulty of finding OT quotations (as implied in the plural “prophets”) to match the wording here, it appears that the author was using a current expression of scorn that conceptually (but not verbally) found its roots in the OT.