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Matthew 2:13-23

Context
The Escape to Egypt

2:13 After they had gone, an 1  angel of the Lord 2  appeared to Joseph in a dream and said, “Get up, take the child and his mother and flee to Egypt, and stay there until I tell you, for Herod 3  is going to look for the child to kill him.” 2:14 Then he got up, took the child and his mother during 4  the night, and went to Egypt. 2:15 He stayed there until Herod 5  died. In this way what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet was fulfilled: “I called my Son out of Egypt.” 6 

2:16 When Herod 7  saw that he had been tricked by the wise men, he became enraged. He sent men 8  to kill all the children in Bethlehem 9  and throughout the surrounding region from the age of two and under, according to the time he had learned from the wise men. 2:17 Then what was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled:

2:18A voice was heard in Ramah,

weeping and loud wailing, 10 

Rachel weeping for her children,

and she did not want to be comforted, because they were 11  gone. 12 

The Return to Nazareth

2:19 After Herod 13  had died, an 14  angel of the Lord 15  appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt 2:20 saying, “Get up, take the child and his mother, and go to the land of Israel, for those who were seeking the child’s life are dead.” 2:21 So 16  he got up and took the child and his mother and returned to the land of Israel. 2:22 But when he heard that Archelaus 17  was reigning over Judea in place of his father Herod, 18  he was afraid to go there. After being warned in a dream, he went to the regions of Galilee. 2:23 He came to a town called Nazareth 19  and lived there. Then what had been spoken by the prophets was fulfilled, that Jesus 20  would be called a Nazarene. 21 

1 tn Grk “behold, an angel.” The Greek word ἰδού (idou) has not been translated because it has no exact English equivalent here, but adds interest and emphasis (BDAG 468 s.v. 1).

2 tn Or “the angel of the Lord.” See the note on the word “Lord” in 1:20.

3 sn See the note on King Herod in 2:1. Herod the Great was particularly ruthless regarding the succession to his throne.

4 tn The feminine singular genitive noun νυκτός (nuktos, “night”) indicates the time during which the action of the main verb takes place (ExSyn 124).

5 sn See the note on King Herod in 2:1.

6 sn A quotation from Hos 11:1.

7 sn See the note on King Herod in 2:1. Note the fulfillment of the prophecy given by the angel in 2:13.

8 tn Or “soldiers.”

9 map For location see Map5 B1; Map7 E2; Map8 E2; Map10 B4.

10 tc The LXX of Jer 38:15 (31:15 ET) has “lamentation, weeping, and loud wailing”; most later mss (C D L W 0233 Ë13 33 Ï) have a quotation in Matthew which conforms to that of the LXX (θρῆνος καὶ κλαυθμός καὶ ὀδυρμός; qrhno" kai klauqmo" kai odurmo"). But such assimilations were routine among the scribes; as such, they typically should be discounted because they are both predictable and motivated. The shorter reading, without “lamentation and,” is thus to be preferred, especially since it cannot easily be accounted for unless it is the original wording here. Further, it is found in the better mss along with a good cross-section of other witnesses (א B Z 0250 Ë1 pc lat co).

11 tn Grk “are”; the Greek text uses a present tense verb.

12 sn A quotation from Jer 31:15.

13 sn See the note on King Herod in 2:1. When Herod the Great died in 4 b.c., his kingdom was divided up among his three sons: Archelaus, who ruled over Judea (where Bethlehem was located, v. 22); Philip, who became tetrarch of Iturea and Trachonitis (cf. Luke 3:1); and Antipas, who became tetrarch of Galilee.

14 tn Grk “behold, an angel.” The Greek word ἰδού (idou) has not been translated because it has no exact English equivalent here, but adds interest and emphasis (BDAG 468 s.v. 1).

15 tn Or “the angel of the Lord.” See the note on the word “Lord” in 1:20.

16 tn Here δέ (de) has been translated as “so” to indicate the implied result of the angel’s instructions.

17 sn Archelaus took after his father Herod the Great in terms of cruelty and ruthlessness, so Joseph was afraid to go there. After further direction in a dream, he went instead to Galilee.

18 sn See the note on King Herod in 2:1.

19 sn Nazareth was a very small village in the region of Galilee (Galilee lay north of Samaria and Judea). The town was located about 15 mi (25 km) west of the southern edge of the Sea of Galilee. According to Luke 1:26, Mary was living in Nazareth when the birth of Jesus was announced to her.

map For location see Map1 D3; Map2 C2; Map3 D5; Map4 C1; Map5 G3.

20 tn There is no expressed subject of the third person singular verb here; the pronoun “he” is implied. Instead of this pronoun the referent “Jesus” has been supplied in the text to clarify to whom this statement refers.

21 tn The Greek could be indirect discourse (as in the text), or direct discourse (“he will be called a Nazarene”). Judging by the difficulty of finding OT quotations (as implied in the plural “prophets”) to match the wording here, it appears that the author was using a current expression of scorn that conceptually (but not verbally) found its roots in the OT.



TIP #08: Use the Strong Number links to learn about the original Hebrew and Greek text. [ALL]
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