26:45 Then he came to the disciples and said to them, “Are you still sleeping and resting? Look, the hour is approaching, and the Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. 26:46 Get up, let us go. Look! My betrayer 1 is approaching!”
26:47 While he was still speaking, Judas, 2 one of the twelve, arrived. With him was a large crowd armed with swords and clubs, sent by the chief priests and elders of the people. 26:48 (Now the betrayer 3 had given them a sign, saying, “The one I kiss is the man. 4 Arrest him!”) 5 26:49 Immediately 6 he went up to Jesus and said, “Greetings, Rabbi,” and kissed him. 7 26:50 Jesus 8 said to him, “Friend, do what you are here to do.” Then they came and took hold 9 of Jesus and arrested him. 26:51 But 10 one of those with Jesus grabbed 11 his sword, drew it out, and struck the high priest’s slave, 12 cutting off his ear. 26:52 Then Jesus said to him, “Put your sword back in its place! 13 For all who take hold of the sword will die by the sword. 26:53 Or do you think that I cannot call on my Father, and that he would send me more than twelve legions 14 of angels right now? 26:54 How then would the scriptures that say it must happen this way be fulfilled?” 26:55 At that moment Jesus said to the crowd, “Have you come out with swords and clubs to arrest me like you would an outlaw? 15 Day after day I sat teaching in the temple courts, yet 16 you did not arrest me. 26:56 But this has happened so that 17 the scriptures of the prophets would be fulfilled.” Then all the disciples left him and fled.
26:57 Now the ones who had arrested Jesus led him to Caiaphas, the high priest, in whose house 18 the experts in the law 19 and the elders had gathered. 26:58 But Peter was following him from a distance, all the way to the high priest’s courtyard. After 20 going in, he sat with the guards 21 to see the outcome. 26:59 The 22 chief priests and the whole Sanhedrin were trying to find false testimony against Jesus so that they could put him to death. 26:60 But they did not find anything, though many false witnesses came forward. Finally 23 two came forward 26:61 and declared, “This man 24 said, ‘I am able to destroy the temple of God and rebuild it in three days.’” 26:62 So 25 the high priest stood up and said to him, “Have you no answer? What is this that they are testifying against you?” 26:63 But Jesus was silent. The 26 high priest said to him, “I charge you under oath by the living God, tell us if you are the Christ, 27 the Son of God.” 26:64 Jesus said to him, “You have said it yourself. But I tell you, from now on you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand 28 of the Power 29 and coming on the clouds of heaven.” 30 26:65 Then the high priest tore his clothes and declared, 31 “He has blasphemed! Why do we still need witnesses? Now 32 you have heard the blasphemy! 26:66 What is your verdict?” 33 They 34 answered, “He is guilty and deserves 35 death.” 26:67 Then they spat in his face and struck him with their fists. And some slapped him, 26:68 saying, “Prophesy for us, you Christ! 36 Who hit you?” 37
26:69 Now Peter was sitting outside in the courtyard. A 38 slave girl 39 came to him and said, “You also were with Jesus the Galilean.” 26:70 But he denied it in front of them all: 40 “I don’t know what you’re talking about!” 26:71 When 41 he went out to the gateway, another slave girl 42 saw him and said to the people there, “This man was with Jesus the Nazarene.” 26:72 He denied it again with an oath, “I do not know the man!” 26:73 After 43 a little while, those standing there came up to Peter and said, “You really are one of them too – even your accent 44 gives you away!” 26:74 At that he began to curse, and he swore with an oath, “I do not know the man!” At that moment a rooster crowed. 45 26:75 Then Peter remembered what Jesus had said: “Before the rooster crows, you will deny me three times.” And he went outside and wept bitterly. 46
1 tn Grk “the one who betrays me.”
3 tn Grk “the one who betrays him.”
4 tn Grk “The one I kiss is he.”
5 sn This remark is parenthetical within the narrative and has thus been placed in parentheses.
6 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated.
7 sn Judas’ act of betrayal when he kissed Jesus is especially sinister when it is realized that it was common in the culture of the times for a disciple to kiss his master when greeting him.
8 tn Here δέ (de) has not been translated.
9 tn Grk “and put their hands on Jesus.”
11 tn Grk “extending his hand, drew out his sword, and struck.” Because rapid motion is implied in the circumstances, the translation “grabbed” was used.
13 tn The translation “put your sword back in its place” for this phrase is given in L&N 85.52.
14 sn A legion was a Roman army unit of about 6,000 soldiers, so twelve legions would be 72,000.
15 tn Or “a revolutionary.” This term can refer to one who stirs up rebellion: BDAG 594 s.v. λῃστής 2 has “revolutionary, insurrectionist, guerrilla” citing evidence from Josephus (J. W. 2.13.2-3 [2.253-254]). However, this usage generally postdates Jesus’ time. It does refer to a figure of violence. Luke uses the same term for the highwaymen who attack the traveler in the parable of the good Samaritan (Luke 10:30).
16 tn Grk “and” (καί, kai), a conjunction that is elastic enough to be used to indicate a contrast, as here.
17 tn Grk “But so that”; the verb “has happened” is implied.
18 tn Grk “where.”
20 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated.
21 sn The guards would have been the guards of the chief priests who had accompanied Judas to arrest Jesus.
22 tn Grk “Now the.” Here δέ (de) has not been translated.
23 tn Here δέ (de) has not been translated.
24 tn Grk “This one.”
25 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “so” to indicate the implied result of the false testimony.
26 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated.
27 tn Or “Messiah”; both “Christ” (Greek) and “Messiah” (Hebrew and Aramaic) mean “one who has been anointed.”
sn See the note on Christ in 1:16.
29 sn The expression the right hand of the Power is a circumlocution for referring to God. Such indirect references to God were common in 1st century Judaism out of reverence for the divine name.
31 tn Grk “the high priest tore his clothes, saying.”
33 tn Grk “What do you think?”
34 tn Grk “answering, they said.” This is somewhat redundant and has been simplified in the translation. Here δέ (de) has not been translated.
35 tn Grk “he is guilty of death.” L&N 88.313 states, “pertaining to being guilty and thus deserving some particular penalty – ‘guilty and deserving, guilty and punishable by.’ οἱ δὲ ἀποκριθέντες εἶπαν, ᾿Ενοχος θανάτου ἐστίν ‘they answered, He is guilty and deserves death’ Mt 26:66.”
36 tn Or “Messiah”; both “Christ” (Greek) and “Messiah” (Hebrew and Aramaic) mean “one who has been anointed.”
sn See the note on Christ in 1:16.
37 tn Grk “Who is the one who hit you?”
sn Who hit you? This is a variation of one of three ancient games that involved blindfolds.
38 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated.
39 tn The Greek term here is παιδίσκη (paidiskh), referring to a slave girl or slave woman.
40 tn Grk “he denied it…saying.” The participle λέγων (legwn) is redundant in English and has not been translated.
41 tn Here δέ (de) has not been translated.
42 tn The words “slave girl” are not in the Greek text, but are implied by the feminine singular form ἄλλη (allh).
43 tn Here δέ (de) has not been translated.
44 tn Grk “your speech.”
45 tn It seems most likely that this refers to a real rooster crowing, although a number of scholars have suggested that “cockcrow” is a technical term referring to the trumpet call which ended the third watch of the night (from midnight to 3 a.m.). This would then be a reference to the Roman gallicinium (ἀλεκτοροφωνία, alektorofwnia; the term is used in Mark 13:35 and is found in some
46 sn When Peter went out and wept bitterly it shows he really did not want to fail here and was deeply grieved that he had.