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Matthew 23:34-36

Context

23:34 “For this reason I 1  am sending you prophets and wise men and experts in the law, 2  some of whom you will kill and crucify, 3  and some you will flog 4  in your synagogues 5  and pursue from town to town, 23:35 so that on you will come all the righteous blood shed on earth, from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zechariah son of Barachiah, 6  whom you murdered between the temple and the altar. 23:36 I tell you the truth, 7  this generation will be held responsible for all these things! 8 

1 tn Grk “behold I am sending.” The Greek word ἰδού (idou) has not been translated because it has no exact English equivalent here, but adds interest and emphasis (BDAG 468 s.v. 1).

2 tn Or “scribes.” See the note on the phrase “experts in the law” in 2:4.

3 sn See the note on crucified in 20:19.

4 tn BDAG 620 s.v. μαστιγόω 1.a states, “of flogging as a punishment decreed by the synagogue (Dt 25:2f; s. the Mishna Tractate Sanhedrin-Makkoth, edited w. notes by SKrauss ’33) w. acc. of pers. Mt 10:17; 23:34.”

5 sn See the note on synagogues in 4:23.

6 sn Spelling of this name (Βαραχίου, Baraciou) varies among the English versions: “Barachiah” (RSV, NRSV); “Berechiah” (NASB); “Berachiah” (NIV).

7 tn Grk “Truly (ἀμήν, amhn), I say to you.”

8 tn Grk “all these things will come on this generation.”



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