17:24 After 1 they arrived in Capernaum, 2 the collectors of the temple tax 3 came to Peter and said, “Your teacher pays the double drachma tax, doesn’t he?” 17:25 He said, “Yes.” When Peter came into the house, Jesus spoke to him first, 4 “What do you think, Simon? From whom do earthly kings collect tolls or taxes – from their sons 5 or from foreigners?”
1 tn Here δέ (de) has not been translated.
3 tn Grk “Collectors of the double drachma.” This is a case of metonymy, where the coin formerly used to pay the tax (the double drachma coin, or δίδραχμον [didracmon]) was put for the tax itself (cf. BDAG 241 s.v.). Even though this coin was no longer in circulation in NT times and other coins were used to pay the tax, the name for the coin was still used to refer to the tax itself.
sn The temple tax refers to the half-shekel tax paid annually by male Jews to support the temple (Exod 30:13-16).
4 tn Grk “spoke first to him, saying.” The participle λέγων (legwn) is redundant in English and has not been translated.
5 sn The phrase their sons may mean “their citizens,” but the term “sons” has been retained here in order to preserve the implicit comparison between the Father and his Son, Jesus.