1 tc ‡ Most witnesses (א2 C D L W Z Θ 0106 Ë1,13 33 Ï lat) read αὐτόν (auton, “him”) here as a way of clarifying the direct object; various important witnesses lack the word, however (א* B 700 pc ff1 h q). The original wording most likely lacked it, but it has been included here due to English style. NA27 includes the word in brackets, indicating reservations about its authenticity.
2 tn The imperfect tense verb is here rendered with an iterative force.
3 sn This marriage of Herod to his brother Philip’s wife was a violation of OT law (Lev 18:16; 20:21). In addition, both Herod Antipas and Herodias had each left marriages to enter into this union.
4 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated.
5 tn Grk “he”; the referent (Herod) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
6 tn Grk “him” (also in the following phrase, Grk “accepted him”); in both cases the referent (John) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
7 tn The Greek text reads here ὁμολογέω (Jomologew); though normally translated “acknowledge, confess,” BDAG (708 s.v. 1) lists “assure, promise with an oath” for certain contexts such as here.
8 tn Grk “and being grieved, the king commanded.”
sn Herod was technically not a king, but this reflects popular usage. See the note on tetrarch in 14:1.
9 tn Grk “And.” Here καί (kai) has been translated as “so” to indicate the implied result of previous action(s) in the narrative.
10 tn Grk “And his”; the referent (John the Baptist) has been specified in the translation for clarity.