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Matthew 11:21

Context
11:21 “Woe to you, Chorazin! 1  Woe to you, Bethsaida! If 2  the miracles 3  done in you had been done in Tyre 4  and Sidon, 5  they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes.

Matthew 11:23

Context
11:23 And you, Capernaum, 6  will you be exalted to heaven? 7  No, you will be thrown down to Hades! 8  For if the miracles done among you had been done in Sodom, it would have continued to this day.

1 sn Chorazin was a town of Galilee that was probably fairly small in contrast to Bethsaida and is otherwise unattested. Bethsaida was declared a polis by the tetrarch Herod Philip, sometime after a.d. 30.

2 tn This introduces a second class (contrary to fact) condition in the Greek text.

3 tn Or “powerful deeds.”

4 map For location see Map1 A2; Map2 G2; Map4 A1; JP3 F3; JP4 F3.

5 sn Tyre and Sidon are two other notorious OT cities (Isa 23; Jer 25:22; 47:4). The remark is a severe rebuke, in effect: “Even the sinners of the old era would have responded to the proclamation of the kingdom, unlike you!”

map For location see Map1 A1; JP3 F3; JP4 F3.

6 sn Capernaum was a town on the northwest shore of the Sea of Galilee, 680 ft (204 m) below sea level. It was a major trade and economic center in the North Galilean region.

map For location see Map1 D2; Map2 C3; Map3 B2.

7 tn The interrogative particle introducing this question expects a negative reply.

8 sn In the OT, Hades was known as Sheol. It is the place where the unrighteous will reside (Luke 10:15; 16:23; Rev 20:13-14).



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