9:43 If your hand causes you to sin, cut it off! It is better for you to enter into life crippled than to have 1 two hands and go into hell, 2 to the unquenchable fire.
9:15 When the whole crowd saw him, they were amazed and ran 3 at once and greeted him.
9:47 If your eye causes you to sin, tear it out! 4 It is better to enter into the kingdom of God with one eye than to have 5 two eyes and be thrown into hell,
1 tn Grk “than having.”
2 sn The word translated hell is “Gehenna” (γέεννα, geenna), a Greek transliteration of the Hebrew words ge hinnom (“Valley of Hinnom”). This was the valley along the south side of Jerusalem. In OT times it was used for human sacrifices to the pagan god Molech (cf. Jer 7:31; 19:5-6; 32:35), and it came to be used as a place where human excrement and rubbish were disposed of and burned. In the intertestamental period, it came to be used symbolically as the place of divine punishment (cf. 1 En. 27:2, 90:26; 4 Ezra 7:36). This Greek term also occurs in vv. 45, 47.
3 tn Grk The participle προστρέχοντες (prostrecontes) has been translated as a finite verb to make the sequence of events clear in English.
4 tn Grk “throw it out.”
5 tn Grk “than having.”