7:18 John’s 1 disciples informed him about all these things. So 2 John called 3 two of his disciples 7:19 and sent them to Jesus 4 to ask, 5 “Are you the one who is to come, 6 or should we look for another?” 7:20 When 7 the men came to Jesus, 8 they said, “John the Baptist has sent us to you to ask, 9 ‘Are you the one who is to come, or should we look for another?’” 10 7:21 At that very time 11 Jesus 12 cured many people of diseases, sicknesses, 13 and evil spirits, and granted 14 sight to many who were blind. 7:22 So 15 he answered them, 16 “Go tell 17 John what you have seen and heard: 18 The blind see, the lame walk, lepers are cleansed, the 19 deaf hear, the dead are raised, the poor have good news proclaimed to them. 7:23 Blessed is anyone 20 who takes no offense at me.”
7:24 When 21 John’s messengers had gone, Jesus 22 began to speak to the crowds about John: “What did you go out into the wilderness 23 to see? A reed shaken by the wind? 24 7:25 What 25 did you go out to see? A man dressed in fancy 26 clothes? 27 Look, those who wear fancy clothes and live in luxury 28 are in kings’ courts! 29 7:26 What did you go out to see? A prophet? Yes, I tell you, and more 30 than a prophet. 7:27 This is the one about whom it is written, ‘Look, I am sending my messenger ahead of you, 31 who will prepare your way before you.’ 32 7:28 I tell you, among those born of women no one is greater 33 than John. 34 Yet the one who is least 35 in the kingdom of God 36 is greater than he is.” 7:29 (Now 37 all the people who heard this, even the tax collectors, 38 acknowledged 39 God’s justice, because they had been baptized 40 with John’s baptism. 7:30 However, the Pharisees 41 and the experts in religious law 42 rejected God’s purpose 43 for themselves, because they had not been baptized 44 by John. 45 ) 46
‘We played the flute for you, yet you did not dance; 49
we wailed in mourning, 50 yet you did not weep.’
7:33 For John the Baptist has come 51 eating no bread and drinking no wine, 52 and you say, ‘He has a demon!’ 53 7:34 The Son of Man has come eating and drinking, and you say, ‘Look at him, 54 a glutton and a drunk, a friend of tax collectors and sinners!’ 55 7:35 But wisdom is vindicated 56 by all her children.” 57
1 tn Grk “And John’s.” Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style. This is a reference to John the Baptist as the following context makes clear.
2 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “so” to indicate that John’s action was a result of the report he had heard.
3 tn Grk “And calling two of his disciples, John sent.” The participle προσκαλεσάμενος (proskalesameno") has been translated as a finite verb due to requirements of contemporary English style.
4 tc ‡ Although most
5 tn Grk “to Jesus, saying,” but since this takes the form of a question, it is preferable to use the phrase “to ask” in English.
7 tn Grk “And when.” Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.
8 tn Grk “him”; the referent (Jesus) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
9 tn Grk “to you, saying,” but since this takes the form of a question, it is preferable to use the phrase “to ask” in English.
11 tn Grk “In that hour.”
12 tn Grk “he”; the referent (Jesus) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
13 tn Grk “and sicknesses,” but καί (kai) has not been translated since English normally uses a coordinating conjunction only between the last two elements in a series of three or more.
14 tn Or “and bestowed (sight) on.”
15 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “so” to indicate the relationship to Jesus’ miraculous cures in the preceding sentence.
16 tn Grk “answering, he said to them.” This is redundant in English and has been simplified in the translation to “he answered them.”
18 sn What you have seen and heard. The following activities all paraphrase various OT descriptions of the time of promised salvation: Isa 35:5-6; 26:19; 29:18-19; 61:1. Jesus is answering not by acknowledging a title, but by pointing to the nature of his works, thus indicating the nature of the time.
19 tn Grk “and the,” but καί (kai) has not been translated since English normally uses a coordinating conjunction only between the last two elements in a series of three or more.
20 tn Grk “whoever.”
21 tn Here δέ (de) has not been translated.
22 tn Grk “he”; the referent (Jesus) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
23 tn Or “desert.”
24 tn There is a debate as to whether one should read this figuratively (“to see someone who is easily blown over?”) or literally (Grk “to see the wilderness vegetation?…No, to see a prophet”). Either view makes good sense, but the following examples suggest the question should be read literally and understood to point to the fact that a prophet drew them to the desert.
26 tn Or “soft”; see L&N 79.100.
27 sn The reference to fancy clothes makes the point that John was not rich or powerful, in that he did not come from the wealthy classes.
28 tn See L&N 88.253, “to revel, to carouse, to live a life of luxury.”
29 tn Or “palaces.”
30 tn John the Baptist is “more” because he introduces the one (Jesus) who brings the new era. The term is neuter, but may be understood as masculine in this context (BDAG 806 s.v. περισσότερος b.).
31 tn Grk “before your face” (an idiom).
32 sn The quotation is primarily from Mal 3:1 with pronouns from Exod 23:20. Here is the forerunner who points the way to the arrival of God’s salvation. His job is to prepare and guide the people, as the cloud did for Israel in the desert.
33 sn In the Greek text greater is at the beginning of the clause in the emphatic position. John the Baptist was the greatest man of the old era.
34 tc The earliest and best
35 sn After John comes a shift of eras. The new era is so great that the lowest member of it (the one who is least in the kingdom of God) is greater than the greatest one of the previous era.
36 sn The kingdom of God is a major theme of Jesus’ proclamation. It is a realm in which Jesus rules and to which those who trust him belong. See Luke 6:20; 11:20; 17:20-21. It is not strictly future, though its full manifestation is yet to come. That is why membership in it starts right after John the Baptist.
37 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “now” to indicate the parenthetical nature of the comment by the author.
39 tn Or “vindicated God”; Grk “justified God.” This could be expanded to “vindicated and responded to God.” The point is that God’s goodness and grace as evidenced in the invitation to John was justified and responded to by the group one might least expect, tax collector and sinners. They had more spiritual sensitivity than others. The contrastive response is clear from v. 30.
40 tn The participle βαπτισθέντες (baptisqente") has been translated as a causal adverbial participle.
43 tn Or “plan.”
44 tn The participle βαπτισθέντες (baptisqente") has been translated as a causal adverbial participle; it could also be translated as means (“for themselves, by not having been baptized”). This is similar to the translation found in the NRSV.
45 tn Grk “by him”; the referent (John the Baptist) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
48 tn Grk “They are like children sitting…and calling out…who say.”
49 sn ‘We played the flute for you, yet you did not dance…’ The children of this generation were making the complaint (see vv. 33-34) that others were not playing the game according to the way they played the music. John and Jesus did not follow “their tune.” Jesus’ complaint was that this generation wanted things their way, not God’s.
50 tn The verb ἐθρηνήσαμεν (eqrhnhsamen) refers to the loud wailing and lamenting used to mourn the dead in public in 1st century Jewish culture.
51 tn The perfect tenses in both this verse and the next do more than mere aorists would. They not only summarize, but suggest the characteristics of each ministry were still in existence at the time of speaking.
52 tn Grk “neither eating bread nor drinking wine,” but this is somewhat awkward in contemporary English.
53 sn John the Baptist was too separatist and ascetic for some, and so he was accused of not being directed by God, but by a demon.
54 tn Grk “Behold a man.”
55 sn Neither were they happy with Jesus (the Son of Man), even though he was the opposite of John and associated freely with people like tax collectors and sinners. Either way, God’s messengers were subject to complaint.
56 tn Or “shown to be right.” This is the same verb translated “acknowledged… justice” in v. 29, with a similar sense – including the notion of response. Wisdom’s children are those who respond to God through John and Jesus.