5:30 But 1 the Pharisees 2 and their experts in the law 3 complained 4 to his disciples, saying, “Why do you eat and drink with tax collectors and sinners?” 5 5:31 Jesus 6 answered them, “Those who are well don’t need a physician, but those who are sick do. 7 5:32 I have not come 8 to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.” 9
1 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “but” to indicate the implied contrast present in this context.
5 sn The issue here is inappropriate associations (eat and drink with tax collectors and sinners) and the accusation comes not against Jesus, but his disciples.
6 tn Grk “And Jesus.” Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.
7 sn Jesus’ point is that he associates with those who are sick because they have the need and will respond to the offer of help. A person who is well (or who thinks mistakenly that he is) will not seek treatment.
9 sn Though parallels exist to this saying (Matt 9:13; Mark 2:17), only Luke has this last phrase but sinners to repentance. Repentance is a frequent topic in Luke’s Gospel: 3:3, 8; 13:1-5; 15:7, 10; 16:30; 17:3-4; 24:47.