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Luke 3:18-20


3:18 And in this way, 1  with many other exhortations, John 2  proclaimed good news to the people. 3:19 But when John rebuked Herod 3  the tetrarch 4  because of Herodias, his brother’s wife, 5  and because of all the evil deeds 6  that he had done, 3:20 Herod added this to them all: He locked up John in prison.

1 tn On construction μὲν οὖν καί (men oun kai), see BDF §451.1.

2 tn Grk “he”; the referent (John) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

3 sn Herod refers here to Herod Antipas. See the note on Herod Antipas in 3:1.

4 sn See the note on tetrarch in 3:1.

5 tc Several mss (A C K W Ψ 33 565 579 1424 2542 al bo) read τῆς γυναικὸς Φιλίππου τοῦ ἀδελφοῦ αὐτοῦ (th" gunaiko" Filippou tou adelfou autou, “the wife of his brother Philip”), specifying whose wife Herodias was. The addition of “Philip,” however, is an assimilation to Matt 14:3 and is lacking in the better witnesses.

sn This marriage to his brother’s wife was a violation of OT law (Lev 18:16; 20:21). In addition, both Herod Antipas and Herodias had each left previous marriages to enter into this union.

6 tn Or “immoralities.”

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