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Luke 2:25

Context
The Prophecy of Simeon

2:25 Now 1  there was a man in Jerusalem 2  named Simeon who was righteous 3  and devout, looking for the restoration 4  of Israel, and the Holy Spirit 5  was upon him.

Luke 2:34

Context
2:34 Then 6  Simeon blessed them and said to his mother Mary, “Listen carefully: 7  This child 8  is destined to be the cause of the falling and rising 9  of many in Israel and to be a sign that will be rejected. 10 

1 tn Grk “And behold.” Here καί (kai) has been translated as “now” to indicate the transition to a new topic. The Greek word ἰδού (idou) at the beginning of this statement has not been translated because it has no exact English equivalent here, but adds interest and emphasis (BDAG 468 s.v. 1).

2 map For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

3 tn Grk “This man was righteous.” The Greek text begins a new sentence here, but this was changed to a relative clause in the translation to avoid redundancy.

4 tn Or “deliverance,” “consolation.”

sn The restoration of Israel refers to Simeon’s hope that the Messiah would come and deliver the nation (Isa 40:1; 49:13; 51:3; 57:18; 61:2; 2 Bar 44:7).

5 sn Once again, by mentioning the Holy Spirit, Luke stresses the prophetic enablement of a speaker. The Spirit has fallen on both men (Zechariah, 1:67) and women (Elizabeth, 1:41) in Luke 1–2 as they share the will of the Lord.

6 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative.

7 tn Grk “behold.”

8 tn Grk “this one”; the referent (the child) is supplied in the translation for clarity.

9 sn The phrase the falling and rising of many emphasizes that Jesus will bring division in the nation, as some will be judged (falling) and others blessed (rising) because of how they respond to him. The language is like Isa 8:14-15 and conceptually like Isa 28:13-16. Here is the first hint that Jesus’ coming will be accompanied with some difficulties.

10 tn Grk “and for a sign of contradiction.”



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