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Luke 24:24-31

Context
24:24 Then 1  some of those who were with us went to the tomb, and found it just as the women had said, but they did not see him.” 2  24:25 So 3  he said to them, “You 4  foolish people 5  – how slow of heart 6  to believe 7  all that the prophets have spoken! 24:26 Wasn’t 8  it necessary 9  for the Christ 10  to suffer these things and enter into his glory?” 24:27 Then 11  beginning with Moses and all the prophets, 12  he interpreted to them the things written about 13  himself in all the scriptures.

24:28 So they approached the village where they were going. He acted as though he wanted to go farther, 14  24:29 but they urged him, 15  “Stay with us, because it is getting toward evening and the day is almost done.” So 16  he went in to stay with them.

24:30 When 17  he had taken his place at the table 18  with them, he took the bread, blessed and broke it, 19  and gave it to them. 24:31 At this point 20  their eyes were opened and they recognized 21  him. 22  Then 23  he vanished out of their sight.

1 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative.

2 tn Here the pronoun αὐτόν (auton), referring to Jesus, is in an emphatic position. The one thing they lacked was solid evidence that he was alive.

3 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “so” to indicate the implied result of the disciples’ inability to believe in Jesus’ resurrection.

4 tn Grk “O,” an interjection used both in address and emotion (BDAG 1101 s.v. 1).

5 tn The word “people” is not in the Greek text, but is supplied to complete the interjection.

6 sn The rebuke is for failure to believe the promise of scripture, a theme that will appear in vv. 43-47 as well.

7 tn On the syntax of this infinitival construction, see BDAG 364-65 s.v. ἐπί 6.b.

8 tn This Greek particle (οὐχί, ouci) expects a positive reply.

9 sn The statement Wasn’t it necessary is a reference to the design of God’s plan (see Luke 24:7). Suffering must precede glory (see Luke 17:25).

10 tn Or “Messiah”; both “Christ” (Greek) and “Messiah” (Hebrew and Aramaic) mean “one who has been anointed.”

sn See the note on Christ in 2:11.

11 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative.

12 sn The reference to Moses and all the prophets is a way to say the promise of Messiah runs throughout OT scripture from first to last.

13 tn Or “regarding,” “concerning.” “Written” is implied by the mention of the scriptures in context; “said” could also be used here, referring to the original utterances, but by now these things had been committed to writing.

14 sn He acted as though he wanted to go farther. This is written in a way that gives the impression Jesus knew they would ask him to stay.

15 tn Grk “urged him, saying.” The participle λέγοντες (legontes, “saying”) has not been translated because it is redundant in contemporary English.

16 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “so” to indicate the implied result of the disciples’ request.

17 tn Grk “And it happened that when.” The introductory phrase ἐγένετο (egeneto, “it happened that”), common in Luke (69 times) and Acts (54 times), is redundant in contemporary English and has not been translated. Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.

18 tn Grk “had reclined at table,” as 1st century middle eastern meals were not eaten while sitting at a table, but while reclining on one’s side on the floor with the head closest to the low table and the feet farthest away.

19 tn The pronoun “it” is not in the Greek text here or in the following clause, but is implied. Direct objects were frequently omitted in Greek when clear from the context.

20 tn Here δέ (de) has been translated as “At this point” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative. “Then,” which is normally used to indicate this, would be redundant with the following clause.

21 sn They recognized him. Other than this cryptic remark, it is not told how the two disciples were now able to recognize Jesus.

22 tn This pronoun is somewhat emphatic.

23 tn This translates a καί (kai, “and”) that has clear sequential force.



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