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Luke 1:15

1:15 for he will be great in the sight of 1  the Lord. He 2  must never drink wine or strong drink, and he will be filled with the Holy Spirit, even before his birth. 3 

Luke 7:33


7:33 For John the Baptist has come 4  eating no bread and drinking no wine, 5  and you say, ‘He has a demon!’ 6 

1 tn Grk “before.”

2 tn Grk “and he”; because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, the conjunction καί (kai) has not been translated here. Instead a new English sentence is begun in the translation.

3 tn Grk “even from his mother’s womb.” While this idiom may be understood to refer to the point of birth (“even from his birth”), Luke 1:41 suggests that here it should be understood to refer to a time before birth.

sn He will be filled with the Holy Spirit, even before his birth. This is the language of the birth of a prophet (Judg 13:5, 7; Isa 49:1; Jer 1:5; Sir 49:7); see 1:41 for the first fulfillment.

4 tn The perfect tenses in both this verse and the next do more than mere aorists would. They not only summarize, but suggest the characteristics of each ministry were still in existence at the time of speaking.

5 tn Grk “neither eating bread nor drinking wine,” but this is somewhat awkward in contemporary English.

6 sn John the Baptist was too separatist and ascetic for some, and so he was accused of not being directed by God, but by a demon.

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