19:36 As 1 he rode along, they 2 spread their cloaks on the road. 19:37 As he approached the road leading down from 3 the Mount of Olives, 4 the whole crowd of his 5 disciples began to rejoice 6 and praise 7 God with a loud voice for all the mighty works 8 they had seen: 9 19:38 “Blessed is the king 10 who comes in the name of the Lord! 11 Peace in heaven and glory in the highest!”
1 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.
2 tn The disciples initiated this action (since in 19:35 and 37 they are the subject) but the other gospels indicate the crowds also became involved. Thus it is difficult to specify the referent here as “the disciples” or “people.”
3 tn Grk “the descent of”; this could refer to either the slope of the hillside itself or the path leading down from it (the second option has been adopted for the translation, see L&N 15.109).
5 tn Grk “the”; the Greek article has been translated here as a possessive pronoun (ExSyn 215).
6 tn Here the participle χαίροντες (caironte") has been translated as a finite verb in English; it could also be translated adverbially as a participle of manner: “began to praise God joyfully.”
9 tn Grk “they had seen, saying.” The participle λέγοντες (legontes) is redundant in contemporary English and has not been translated.
10 sn Luke adds the title king to the citation from Ps 118:26 to make clear who was meant (see Luke 18:38). The psalm was used in looking for the deliverance of the end, thus leading to the Pharisees’ reaction.