10:18 So 1 he said to them, “I saw 2 Satan fall 3 like lightning 4 from heaven. 10:19 Look, I have given you authority to tread 5 on snakes and scorpions 6 and on the full force of the enemy, 7 and nothing will 8 hurt you. 10:20 Nevertheless, do not rejoice that 9 the spirits submit to you, but rejoice 10 that your names stand written 11 in heaven.”
2 tn This is an imperfect tense verb.
3 tn In Greek, this is a participle and comes at the end of the verse, making it somewhat emphatic.
4 tn This is probably best taken as allusion to Isa 14:12; the phrase in common is ἐκ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ (ek tou ouranou). These exorcisms in Jesus’ name are a picture of Satan’s greater defeat at Jesus’ hands (D. L. Bock, Luke [BECNT], 2:1006-7).
5 tn Or perhaps, “trample on” (which emphasizes the impact of the feet on the snakes). See L&N 15.226.
7 tn Or “I have given you authority to tread on snakes and scorpions, and [authority] over the full force of the enemy.” The second prepositional phrase can be taken either as modifying the infinitive πατεῖν (patein, “to tread”) or the noun ἐξουσίαν (exousian, “power”). The former is to be preferred and has been represented in the translation.
sn The enemy is a reference to Satan (mentioned in v. 18).
8 tn This is an emphatic double negative in the Greek text.
9 tn Grk “do not rejoice in this, that.” This is awkward in contemporary English and has been simplified to “do not rejoice that.”
10 tn The verb here is a present imperative, so the call is to an attitude of rejoicing.
11 tn The verb here, a perfect tense, stresses a present reality of that which was a completed action, that is, their names were etched in the heavenly stone, as it were.