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Leviticus 6:1-3

Trespass by Deception and False Oath

6:1 (5:20) 1  Then the Lord spoke to Moses: 2  6:2 “When a person sins and commits a trespass 3  against the Lord by deceiving his fellow citizen 4  in regard to something held in trust, or a pledge, or something stolen, or by extorting something from his fellow citizen, 5  6:3 or has found something lost and denies it and swears falsely 6  concerning any one of the things that someone might do to sin 7 

1 sn Beginning with 6:1, the verse numbers through 6:30 in the English Bible differ from the verse numbers in the Hebrew text (BHS), with 6:1 ET = 5:20 HT, 6:2 ET = 5:21 HT, 6:8 ET = 6:1 HT, etc., through 6:30 ET = 6:23 HT. Beginning with 7:1 the verse numbers in the English text and Hebrew text are again the same.

2 sn This paragraph is Lev 6:1-7 in the English Bible but Lev 5:20-26 in the Hebrew text. The quotation introduced by v. 1 extends from Lev 6:2 (5:21 HT) through 6:7 (5:26 HT), encompassing the third main section of guilt offering regulations. Compare the notes on Lev 1:1; 4:1; and 5:14 above.

3 tn Heb “trespasses a trespass” (verb and direct object from the same Hebrew root מַעַל, maal). See the note on 5:15.

4 tn Or “neighbor” (ASV, NAB, NIV, NRSV, NLT); NASB “companion”; TEV “a fellow-Israelite.”

5 tn Heb “has extorted his neighbor”; ASV “oppressed”; NRSV “defrauded.”

6 tn Heb “and swears on falsehood”; cf. CEV “deny something while under oath.”

7 tn Heb “on one from all which the man shall do to sin in them.”

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