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Leviticus 23:5-6

23:5 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, at twilight, 1  is a Passover offering to the Lord. 23:6 Then on the fifteenth day of the same month 2  will be the festival of unleavened bread to the Lord; seven days you must eat unleavened bread.

Leviticus 23:10

23:10 “Speak to the Israelites and tell them, ‘When you enter the land that I am about to give to you and you gather in its harvest, 3  then you must bring the sheaf of the first portion of your harvest 4  to the priest,

Leviticus 23:12

23:12 On the day you wave the sheaf you must also offer 5  a flawless yearling lamb 6  for a burnt offering to the Lord,

Leviticus 2:12

2:12 You can present them to the Lord as an offering of first fruit, 7  but they must not go up to the altar for a soothing aroma.

1 tn Heb “between the two evenings,” perhaps designating the time between the setting of the sun and the true darkness of night. Cf. KJV, ASV “at even”; NAB “at the evening twilight.”

sn See B. A. Levine, Leviticus (JPSTC), 156, for a full discussion of the issues raised in this verse. The rabbinic tradition places the slaughter of Passover offerings between approximately 3:00 p.m. and 6:00 p.m., not precisely at twilight. Moreover, the term פֶּסַח (pesakh) may mean “protective offering” rather than “Passover offering,” although they amount to about the same thing in the historical context of the exodus from Egypt (see Exod 11-12).

2 tn Heb “to this month.”

3 tn Heb “and you harvest its harvest.”

4 tn Heb “the sheaf of the first of your harvest.”

5 tn Heb “And you shall make in the day of your waving the sheaf.”

6 tn Heb “a flawless lamb, a son of its year”; KJV “of the first year”; NLT “a year-old male lamb.”

7 sn The “first fruit” referred to here was given to the priests as a prebend for their service to the Lord, not offered on the altar (Num 18:12).

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