Leviticus 23:26-32

The Day of Atonement

23:26 The Lord spoke to Moses: 23:27 “The tenth day of this seventh month is the Day of Atonement. It is to be a holy assembly for you, and you must humble yourselves and present a gift to the Lord. 23:28 You must not do any work on this particular day, because it is a day of atonement to make atonement for yourselves before the Lord your God. 23:29 Indeed, any person who does not behave with humility on this particular day will be cut off from his people. 23:30 As for any person who does any work on this particular day, I will exterminate that person from the midst of his people! 10  23:31 You must not do any work. This is a perpetual statute throughout your generations 11  in all the places where you live. 23:32 It is a Sabbath of complete rest for you, and you must humble yourselves on the ninth day of the month in the evening, from evening until evening you must observe your Sabbath.” 12 

tn Heb “Surely the tenth day” or perhaps “Precisely the tenth day.” The Hebrew adverbial particle אַךְ (’akh) is left untranslated by most recent English versions; cf. however NASB “On exactly the tenth day.”

sn See the description of this day and its regulations in Lev 16 and the notes there.

tn Heb “you shall humble your souls.” See the note on Lev 16:29 above.

tn Heb “in the bone of this day.”

tn Heb “on you [plural]”; cf. NASB, NRSV “on your behalf.”

tn The particular כִּי (ki) is taken in an asseverative sense here (“Indeed,” see the NJPS translation).

tn Heb “it [i.e., that person; literally “soul,” feminine] shall be cut off from its peoples [plural]”; NLT “from the community.”

tn Heb “And any person.”

tn See HALOT 3 s.v. I אבד hif. Cf. KJV, NASB, NIV, NRSV, NLT “destroy”; CEV “wipe out.”

10 tn Heb “its people” (“its” is feminine to agree with “person,” literally “soul,” which is feminine in Hebrew; cf. v. 29).

11 tn Heb “for your generations.”

12 tn Heb “you shall rest your Sabbath.”