22:18 “Speak to Aaron, his sons, and all the Israelites and tell them, ‘When any man 1 from the house of Israel or from the foreigners in Israel 2 presents his offering for any of the votive or freewill offerings which they present to the Lord as a burnt offering, 22:19 if it is to be acceptable for your benefit 3 it must be a flawless male from the cattle, sheep, or goats. 22:20 You must not present anything that has a flaw, 4 because it will not be acceptable for your benefit. 5 22:21 If a man presents a peace offering sacrifice to the Lord for a special votive offering 6 or for a freewill offering from the herd or the flock, it must be flawless to be acceptable; 7 it must have no flaw. 8
22:22 “‘You must not present to the Lord something blind, or with a broken bone, or mutilated, or with a running sore, 9 or with a festering eruption, or with a feverish rash. 10 You must not give any of these as a gift 11 on the altar to the Lord. 22:23 As for an ox 12 or a sheep with a limb too long or stunted, 13 you may present it as a freewill offering, but it will not be acceptable for a votive offering. 14
2 tn Heb “and from the foreigner [singular] in Israel.” Some medieval Hebrew
4 tn Heb “all which in it [is] a flaw.” Note that the same term is used for physical flaws of people in Lev 21:17-24. Cf. KJV, ASV, NRSV “blemish”; NASB, NIV, TEV “defect”; NLT “with physical defects.”
5 tn Heb “not for acceptance shall it be for you”; NIV “it will not be accepted on your behalf” (NRSV and NLT both similar).
6 tn The meaning of the expression לְפַלֵּא־נֶדֶר (lÿfalle’-neder) rendered here “for a special votive offering” is much debated. Some take it as an expression for fulfilling a vow, “to fulfill a vow” (e.g., HALOT 927-28 s.v. פלא piel and NASB; cf. NAB, NRSV “in fulfillment of a vow”) or, alternatively, “to make a vow” or “for making a vow” (HALOT 928 s.v. פלא piel [II פלא]). Perhaps it refers to the making a special vow, from the verb פָלַא (pala’, “to be wonderful, to be remarkable”); cf. J. Milgrom, Numbers (JPSTC), 44. B. A. Levine, Leviticus (JPSTC), 151 and 193, suggests that this is a special term for “setting aside a votive offering” (related to פָלָה [palah, “to set aside”]). In general, the point of the expression seems to be that this sacrifice arises as a special gift to God out of special circumstances in the life of the worshiper.
7 tn Heb “for acceptance”; NAB “if it is to find acceptance.”
8 tn Heb “all/any flaw shall not be in it.”
9 tn Or perhaps “a wart” (cf. NIV; HALOT 383 s.v. יַבֶּלֶת, but see the remarks in J. E. Hartley, Leviticus [WBC], 358).
12 tn Heb “And an ox.”
13 tn Heb “and stunted” (see HALOT 1102 s.v. I קלט).
14 sn The freewill offering was voluntary, so the regulations regarding it were more relaxed. Once a vow was made, the paying of it was not voluntary (see B. A. Levine, Leviticus [JPSTC], 151-52, for very helpful remarks on this verse).