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Leviticus 17:15-16

Context
Regulations for Eating Carcasses

17:15 “‘Any person 1  who eats an animal that has died of natural causes 2  or an animal torn by beasts, whether a native citizen or a foreigner, 3  must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening; then he becomes clean. 17:16 But if he does not wash his clothes 4  and does not bathe his body, he will bear his punishment for iniquity.’” 5 

Leviticus 18:26

Context
18:26 You yourselves must obey 6  my statutes and my regulations and must not do any of these abominations, both the native citizen and the resident foreigner in your midst, 7 

Leviticus 20:2

Context
20:2 “You are to say to the Israelites, ‘Any man from the Israelites or from the foreigners who reside in Israel 8  who gives any of his children 9  to Molech 10  must be put to death; the people of the land must pelt him with stones. 11 

Leviticus 24:16

Context
24:16 and one who misuses 12  the name of the Lord must surely be put to death. The whole congregation must surely stone him, whether he is a foreigner or a native citizen; when he misuses the Name he must be put to death.

1 tn Heb “And any soul” (נֶפֶשׁ, nefesh).

2 tn Heb “carcass,” referring to the carcass of an animal that has died on its own, not the carcass of an animal slaughtered for sacrifice or killed by wild beasts. This has been clarified in the translation by supplying the phrase “of natural causes”; cf. NAB “that died of itself”; TEV “that has died a natural death.”

3 tn Heb “in the native or in the sojourner.”

4 tn The words “his clothes” are not in the Hebrew text, but are repeated in the translation for clarity.

5 tn Heb “and he shall bear his iniquity.” The rendering “bear the punishment for the iniquity” reflects the use of the word “iniquity” to refer to the punishment for iniquity. This is sometimes referred to as the consequential use of the term (cf. Lev 5:17; 7:18; 10:17; etc.).

sn For the interpretation of this verse reflected in the present translation, see the remarks on Lev 5:1 in J. Milgrom, Leviticus (AB), 1:292-97.

6 tn Heb “And you shall keep, you.” The latter emphatic personal pronoun “you” is left out of a few medieval Hebrew mss, Smr, the LXX, Syriac, and Vulgate.

7 tn Heb “the native and the sojourner”; NIV “The native-born and the aliens”; NAB “whether natives or resident aliens.”

8 tn Heb “or from the sojourner who sojourns”; NAB “an alien residing in Israel.”

9 tn Heb “his seed” (so KJV, ASV); likewise in vv. 3-4.

10 tn Regarding Molech and Molech worship see the note on Lev 18:21.

11 tn This is not the most frequently-used Hebrew verb for stoning (see instead סָקַל, saqal), but a word that refers to the action of throwing, slinging, or pelting someone with stones (רָגָם, ragam; see HALOT 1187 s.v. רגם qal.a, and B. A. Levine, Leviticus [JPSTC], 136).

12 sn See the note on v. 11 above.



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