NETBible KJV GRK-HEB XRef Arts Hymns
  Discovery Box

Lamentations 3:64-66

Context

ת (Tav)

3:64 Pay them back 1  what they deserve, 2  O Lord,

according to what they 3  have done. 4 

3:65 Give them a distraught heart; 5 

may your curse be on them!

3:66 Pursue them 6  in anger and eradicate them

from under the Lord’s heaven.

1 tn Heb “Please cause to return.” The imperfect verb תָּשִׁיב (tashiv), Hiphil imperfect 2nd person masculine singular from שׁוּב (shuv, “to return”), functions in a volitional sense, like an imperative of request. The Hiphil stem of שׁוּב (shuv, in the Hiphil “to cause to return”) often means “to make requital, to pay back” (e.g., Judg 9:5, 56; 1 Sam 25:39; 1 Kgs 2:32, 44; Neh 3:36; Prov 24:12, 29; Hos 12:3; Joel 4:4, 7) (BDB 999 s.v. שׁוּב 4.a).

2 tn Heb “recompense to them.” The noun גְּמוּל (gÿmul, “dealing, accomplishment”) has two metonymical (cause-effect) meanings: (1) positive “benefit” and (2) negative “retribution, requital, recompense,” the sense used here (e.g., Pss 28:4; 94:2; 137:8; Prov 19:17; Isa 35:4; 59:18; 66:6; Jer 51:6; Lam 3:64; Joel 4:4, 7). The phrase תָּשִׁיב גְּמוּל (tashiv gÿmul) means “to pay back retribution” (e.g., Joel 4:4, 7), that is, to return the deeds of the wicked upon them as a display of talionic or poetic justice.

3 tn Heb “their hands.” The term “hand” is a synecdoche of part (= hands) for the whole person (= they).

4 tn Heb “according to the work of their hands.”

5 tn The noun מְגִנַּה (mÿginnah) is a hapax legomenon. Its meaning is debated; earlier lexicographers suggested that it meant “covering” (BDB 171 s.v.), but more recent lexicons suggest “shamelessness” or “insanity” (HALOT 546 s.v.). The translation is based on the term being parallel to “curse” and needing to relate to “heart.” Cf. NRSV “anguish of heart.”

6 tn Heb “pursue.” The accusative direct object is implied in the Hebrew, and inserted in the translation.



TIP #04: Try using range (OT and NT) to better focus your searches. [ALL]
created in 0.02 seconds
powered by bible.org