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Joshua 24:1-15

Context
Israel Renews its Commitment to the Lord

24:1 Joshua assembled all the Israelite tribes at Shechem. He summoned Israel’s elders, rulers, judges, and leaders, and they appeared before God. 24:2 Joshua told all the people, “Here is what the Lord God of Israel says: ‘In the distant past your ancestors 1  lived beyond the Euphrates River, 2  including Terah the father of Abraham and Nahor. They worshiped 3  other gods, 24:3 but I took your father Abraham from beyond the Euphrates 4  and brought him into 5  the entire land of Canaan. I made his descendants numerous; I gave him Isaac, 24:4 and to Isaac I gave Jacob and Esau. To Esau I assigned Mount Seir, 6  while Jacob and his sons went down to Egypt. 24:5 I sent Moses and Aaron, and I struck Egypt down when I intervened in their land. 7  Then I brought you out. 24:6 When I brought your fathers out of Egypt, you arrived at the sea. The Egyptians chased your fathers with chariots and horsemen to the Red Sea. 24:7 Your fathers 8  cried out for help to the Lord; he made the area between you and the Egyptians dark, 9  and then drowned them in the sea. 10  You witnessed with your very own eyes 11  what I did in Egypt. You lived in the wilderness for a long time. 12  24:8 Then I brought you to the land of the Amorites who lived east of the Jordan. They fought with you, but I handed them over to you; you conquered 13  their land and I destroyed them from before you. 24:9 Balak son of Zippor, king of Moab, launched an attack 14  against Israel. He summoned 15  Balaam son of Beor to call down judgment 16  on you. 24:10 I refused to respond to Balaam; he kept 17  prophesying good things about 18  you, and I rescued you from his power. 19  24:11 You crossed the Jordan and came to Jericho. 20  The leaders 21  of Jericho, as well as the Amorites, Perizzites, Canaanites, Hittites, Girgashites, Hivites, and Jebusites, fought with you, but I handed them over to you. 24:12 I sent terror 22  ahead of you to drive out before you the two 23  Amorite kings. I gave you the victory; it was not by your swords or bows. 24  24:13 I gave you a land in 25  which you had not worked hard; you took up residence in cities you did not build and you are eating the produce of 26  vineyards and olive groves you did not plant.’

24:14 Now 27  obey 28  the Lord and worship 29  him with integrity and loyalty. Put aside the gods your ancestors 30  worshiped 31  beyond the Euphrates 32  and in Egypt and worship 33  the Lord. 24:15 If you have no desire 34  to worship 35  the Lord, choose today whom you will worship, 36  whether it be the gods whom your ancestors 37  worshiped 38  beyond the Euphrates, 39  or the gods of the Amorites in whose land you are living. But I and my family 40  will worship 41  the Lord!”

1 tn Heb “your fathers.”

2 tn Heb “the river,” referring to the Euphrates. This has been specified in the translation for clarity.

3 tn Or “served.”

4 tn Heb “the river,” referring to the Euphrates. This has been specified in the translation for clarity.

5 tn Or “through.”

6 tn Heb “I gave to Esau Mount Seir to possess it.”

7 tn Heb “by that which I did in its midst.”

8 tn Heb “they”; the referent (the fathers) has been specified in the translation for clarity (see the previous verse).

9 tn Or “put darkness between you and the Egyptians.”

10 tn Heb “and he brought over them the sea and covered them.”

11 tn Heb “your eyes saw.”

12 tn Heb “many days.”

13 tn Or “took possession of.”

14 tn Heb “arose and fought.”

15 tn Heb “sent and called.”

16 tn Or “to curse.”

17 tn The infinitive absolute follows the finite verb in the Hebrew text and indicates continuation or repetition of the action. Balaam pronounced several oracles of blessing over Israel (see Num 23-24).

18 tn Heb “blessing.” Balaam’s “blessings” were actually prophecies of how God would prosper Israel.

19 tn Heb “hand.”

20 map For location see Map5 B2; Map6 E1; Map7 E1; Map8 E3; Map10 A2; Map11 A1.

21 tn Or perhaps, “citizens.”

22 tn Traditionally, “the hornet” (so KJV, NKJV, NASB, NIV, NRSV) but the precise meaning of the Hebrew word is uncertain (cf. NEB “panic”).

23 tn The LXX has “twelve,” apparently understanding this as a reference to Amorite kings west of the Jordan (see Josh 5:1, rather than the trans-Jordanian Amorite kings Sihon and Og (see Josh 2:10; 9:10).

24 tn Heb “and it drove them out from before you, the two kings of the Amorites, not by your sword and not by your bow.” The words “I gave you the victory” are supplied for clarification.

25 tn Or perhaps, “for.”

26 tn The words “the produce of” are supplied for clarification.

27 sn Joshua quotes the Lord’s words in vv. 2b-13 (note that the Lord speaks in the first person in these verses); in vv. 14-15 Joshua himself exhorts the people (note the third person references to the Lord).

28 tn Heb “fear.”

29 tn Or “and serve.”

30 tn Heb “your fathers.”

31 tn Or “served.”

32 tn Heb “the river,” referring to the Euphrates. This has been specified in the translation for clarity; see v. 3.

33 tn Or “and serve.”

34 tn Heb “if it is bad in your eyes.”

35 tn Or “to serve.”

36 tn Or “will serve.”

37 tn Heb “your fathers.”

38 tn Or “served.”

39 tn Heb “the river,” referring to the Euphrates. This has been specified in the translation for clarity; see v. 3.

40 tn Heb “house.”

41 tn Or “will serve.”



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