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Joshua 15:1--21:45

Context

15:1 The land allotted to the tribe of Judah by its clans reached to the border of Edom, to the Wilderness of Zin in the Negev far to the south. 1  15:2 Their southern border started at the southern tip of the Salt Sea, 2  15:3 extended 3  south of the Scorpion Ascent, 4  crossed to Zin, went up from the south to Kadesh Barnea, crossed to Hezron, went up to Addar, and turned toward Karka. 15:4 It then crossed to Azmon, extended to the Stream of Egypt, 5  and ended at the sea. This was their 6  southern border.

15:5 The eastern border was the Salt Sea to the mouth 7  of the Jordan River. 8 

The northern border started north of the Salt Sea at the mouth of the Jordan, 9  15:6 went up to Beth Hoglah, crossed north of Beth Arabah, and went up to the Stone of Bohan son of Reuben. 15:7 It then went up to Debir from the Valley of Achor, turning northward to Gilgal (which is opposite the Pass 10  of Adummim south of the valley), crossed to the waters of En Shemesh and extended to En Rogel. 15:8 It then went up the Valley of Ben Hinnom to the slope of the Jebusites on the south (that is, Jerusalem), 11  going up to the top of the hill opposite the Valley of Ben Hinnom to the west, which is at the end of the Valley of the Rephaites to the north. 15:9 It then went from the top of the hill to the spring of the waters of Nephtoah, extended to the cities of Mount Ephron, and went to Baalah (that is, Kiriath Jearim). 15:10 It then turned from Baalah westward to Mount Seir, crossed to the slope of Mount Jearim on the north (that is Kesalon), descended to Beth Shemesh, and crossed to Timnah. 15:11 It then extended to the slope of Ekron to the north, went toward Shikkeron, crossed to Mount Baalah, extended to Jabneel, and ended at the sea.

15:12 The western border was the Mediterranean Sea. 12  These were the borders of the tribe of Judah and its clans. 13 

15:13 Caleb son of Jephunneh was assigned Kiriath Arba (that is Hebron) within the tribe of Judah, according to the Lord’s instructions to Joshua. (Arba was the father of Anak.) 14  15:14 Caleb drove out 15  from there three Anakites – Sheshai, Ahiman, and Talmai, descendants of Anak. 15:15 From there he attacked the people of Debir. 16  (Debir used to be called Kiriath Sepher.) 15:16 Caleb said, “To the man who attacks and captures Kiriath Sepher I will give my daughter Acsah as a wife.” 15:17 When Othniel son of Kenaz, Caleb’s brother, 17  captured it, Caleb 18  gave Acsah his daughter to him as a wife.

15:18 One time Acsah 19  came and charmed her father 20  so that she could ask him for some land. When she got down from her donkey, Caleb said to her, “What would you like?” 15:19 She answered, “Please give me a special present. 21  Since you have given me land in the Negev, now give me springs of water. So he gave her both upper and lower springs.

15:20 This is the land assigned to the tribe of Judah by its clans: 22  15:21 These cities were located at the southern extremity of Judah’s tribal land near the border of Edom: 23  Kabzeel, Eder, Jagur, 15:22 Kinah, Dimonah, Adadah, 15:23 Kedesh, Hazor, 24  Ithnan, 15:24 Ziph, Telem, Bealoth, 15:25 Hazor Hadattah, Kerioth Hezron (that is, Hazor), 15:26 Amam, Shema, Moladah, 15:27 Hazar Gaddah, Heshbon, Beth Pelet, 15:28 Hazar Shual, Beer Sheba, Biziothiah, 15:29 Baalah, Iim, Ezem, 15:30 Eltolad, Kesil, Hormah, 15:31 Ziklag, Madmannah, Sansannah, 15:32 Lebaoth, Shilhim, Ain, and Rimmon – a total of twenty-nine cities and their towns. 25 

15:33 These cities were 26  in the lowlands: 27  Eshtaol, Zorah, Ashnah, 15:34 Zanoah, En Gannim, Tappuah, Enam, 15:35 Jarmuth, Adullam, Socoh, Azekah, 15:36 Shaaraim, Adithaim, and Gederah (or Gederothaim) – a total of fourteen cities and their towns.

15:37 Zenan, Hadashah, Migdal Gad, 15:38 Dilean, Mizpah, Joktheel, 15:39 Lachish, Bozkath, Eglon, 15:40 Cabbon, Lahmas, Kitlish, 15:41 Gederoth, Beth Dagon, Naamah, and Makkedah – a total of sixteen cities and their towns.

15:42 Libnah, Ether, Ashan, 15:43 Iphtah, Ashnah, Nezib, 15:44 Keilah, Aczib, and Mareshah – a total of nine cities and their towns.

15:45 Ekron and its surrounding towns 28  and settlements; 15:46 from Ekron westward, all those in the vicinity of Ashdod and their towns; 15:47 Ashdod with its surrounding towns and settlements, and Gaza with its surrounding towns and settlements, as far as the Stream of Egypt 29  and the border at the Mediterranean Sea. 30 

15:48 These cities were 31  in the hill country: Shamir, Jattir, Socoh, 15:49 Dannah, Kiriath Sannah (that is, Debir), 15:50 Anab, Eshtemoh, Anim, 15:51 Goshen, Holon, and Giloh – a total of eleven cities and their towns.

15:52 Arab, Dumah, 32  Eshan, 15:53 Janim, Beth Tappuah, Aphekah, 15:54 Humtah, Kiriath Arba (that is, Hebron), and Zior – a total of nine cities and their towns.

15:55 Maon, Carmel, Ziph, Juttah, 15:56 Jezreel, Jokdeam, Zanoah, 15:57 Kain, Gibeah, and Timnah – a total of ten cities and their towns.

15:58 Halhul, Beth Zur, Gedor, 15:59 Maarath, Beth Anoth, and Eltekon – a total of six cities and their towns.

15:60 Kiriath Baal (that is, Kiriath Jearim) and Rabbah – a total of two cities and their towns.

15:61 These cities were 33  in the desert: Beth Arabah, Middin, Secacah, 15:62 Nibshan, the city of Salt, and En Gedi – a total of six cities and their towns.

15:63 The men of Judah were unable to conquer the Jebusites living in Jerusalem. 34  The Jebusites live with the people of Judah in Jerusalem to this very day. 35 

Joseph’s Tribal Lands

16:1 The land allotted to Joseph’s descendants extended from the Jordan at Jericho 36  to the waters of Jericho to the east, through the desert and on up from Jericho into the hill country of Bethel. 37  16:2 The southern border 38  extended from Bethel to Luz, 39  and crossed to Arkite territory at Ataroth. 16:3 It then descended westward to Japhletite territory, as far as the territory of lower Beth Horon and Gezer, and ended at the sea.

16:4 Joseph’s descendants, Manasseh and Ephraim, were assigned their land. 40  16:5 The territory of the tribe of Ephraim by its clans included the following: 41  The border of their assigned land to the east was Ataroth Addar as far as upper Beth Horon. 16:6 It then extended on to the sea, with Micmethath on the north. It turned eastward to Taanath Shiloh and crossed it on the east to Janoah. 16:7 It then descended from Janoah to Ataroth and Naarah, touched Jericho, 42  and extended to the Jordan River. 43  16:8 From Tappuah it went westward to the Valley of Kanah and ended at the sea. This is the land assigned to the tribe of Ephraim 44  by its clans. 16:9 Also included were the cities set apart for the tribe of Ephraim within Manasseh’s territory, along with their towns. 45 

16:10 The Ephraimites 46  did not conquer the Canaanites living in Gezer. The Canaanites live among the Ephraimites to this very day and do hard labor as their servants.

17:1 The tribe of Manasseh, Joseph’s firstborn son, was also allotted land. 47  The descendants of Makir, Manasseh’s firstborn and the father of Gilead, received land, for they were warriors. 48  They were assigned Gilead and Bashan. 49  17:2 The rest of Manasseh’s descendants were also assigned land 50  by their clans, including the descendants of Abiezer, Helek, Asriel, Shechem, Hepher, and Shemida. These are the male descendants of Manasseh son of Joseph by their clans.

17:3 Now Zelophehad son of Hepher, son of Gilead, son of Makir, son of Manasseh, had no sons, only daughters. These are the names of his daughters: Mahlah, Noah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Tirzah. 17:4 They went before Eleazar the priest, Joshua son of Nun, and the leaders and said, “The Lord told Moses to assign us land among our relatives.” 51  So Joshua 52  assigned them land among their uncles, as the Lord had commanded. 53  17:5 Manasseh was allotted ten shares of land, 54  in addition to the land of Gilead and Bashan east of the Jordan, 17:6 for the daughters of Manasseh were assigned land among his sons. The land of Gilead belonged to the rest of the descendants of Manasseh.

17:7 The border of Manasseh went 55  from Asher to Micmethath which is near 56  Shechem. It then went south toward those who live in Tappuah. 17:8 (The land of Tappuah belonged to Manasseh, but Tappuah, located on the border of Manasseh, belonged to the tribe of Ephraim.) 17:9 The border then descended southward to the Valley of Kanah. Ephraim was assigned cities there among the cities of Manasseh, 57  but the border of Manasseh was north of the valley and ended at the sea. 17:10 Ephraim’s territory was to the south, and Manasseh’s to the north. The sea was Manasseh’s 58  western border and their territory 59  touched Asher on the north and Issachar on the east. 17:11 Within Issachar’s and Asher’s territory Manasseh was assigned Beth Shean, Ibleam, the residents of Dor, En Dor, the residents of Taanach, the residents of Megiddo, 60  the three of Napheth, 61  and the towns surrounding all these cities. 62  17:12 But the men 63  of Manasseh were unable to conquer these cities; the Canaanites managed 64  to remain in those areas. 17:13 Whenever the Israelites were strong militarily, they forced the Canaanites to do hard labor, but they never totally conquered them. 65 

17:14 The descendants of Joseph said to Joshua, “Why have you assigned us only one tribal allotment? After all, we have many people, for until now the Lord has enabled us to increase in number.” 66  17:15 Joshua replied to them, “Since you have so many people, 67  go up into the forest and clear out a place to live in the land of the Perizzites and Rephaites, for the hill country of Ephraim is too small for you.” 17:16 The descendants of Joseph said, “The whole hill country 68  is inadequate for us, and the Canaanites living down in the valley in Beth Shean and its surrounding towns and in the Valley of Jezreel have chariots with iron-rimmed wheels.” 69  17:17 Joshua said to the family 70  of Joseph – to both Ephraim and Manasseh: “You have many people and great military strength. You will not have just one tribal allotment. 17:18 The whole hill country 71  will be yours; though it is a forest, you can clear it and it will be entirely yours. 72  You can conquer the Canaanites, though they have chariots with iron-rimmed wheels and are strong.”

The Tribes Meet at Shiloh

18:1 The entire Israelite community assembled at Shiloh and there they set up the tent of meeting. 73  Though they had subdued the land, 74  18:2 seven Israelite tribes had not been assigned their allotted land. 75  18:3 So Joshua said to the Israelites: “How long do you intend to put off occupying 76  the land the Lord God of your ancestors 77  has given you? 18:4 Pick three men from each tribe. I will send them out to walk through the land and make a map of it for me. 78  18:5 Divide it into seven regions. 79  Judah will stay 80  in its territory in the south, and the family 81  of Joseph in its territory in the north. 18:6 But as for you, map out the land into seven regions and bring it to me. I will draw lots for you here before the Lord our God. 18:7 But the Levites will not have an allotted portion among you, for their inheritance is to serve the Lord. 82  Gad, Reuben, and the half-tribe of Manasseh have already received their allotted land 83  east of the Jordan which Moses the Lord’s servant assigned them.”

18:8 When the men started out, Joshua told those going to map out the land, “Go, walk through the land, map it out, and return to me. Then I will draw lots for you before the Lord here in Shiloh.” 18:9 The men journeyed 84  through the land and mapped it and its cities out into seven regions on a scroll. Then they came to Joshua at the camp in Shiloh. 18:10 Joshua drew lots for them in Shiloh before the Lord and divided the land among the Israelites according to their allotted portions.

Benjamin’s Tribal Lands

18:11 The first lot belonged to the tribe of Benjamin 85  by its clans. Their allotted territory was between Judah and Joseph. 86  18:12 Their northern border started at the Jordan, went up to the slope of Jericho 87  on the north, ascended westward to the hill country, and extended to the desert of Beth Aven. 18:13 It then crossed from there to Luz, to the slope of Luz to the south (that is, Bethel), 88  and descended to Ataroth Addar located on the hill that is south of lower Beth Horon. 18:14 It then turned on the west side southward from the hill near Beth Horon on the south and extended to Kiriath Baal (that is, Kiriath Jearim), a city belonging to the tribe 89  of Judah. This is the western border. 90  18:15 The southern side started on the edge of Kiriath Jearim and extended westward to the spring of the waters of Nephtoah. 18:16 The border then descended to the edge of the hill country near the Valley of Ben Hinnom located in the Valley of the Rephaites to the north. It descended through the Valley of Hinnom to the slope of the Jebusites to the south and then down to En Rogel. 18:17 It went northward, extending to En Shemesh and Geliloth opposite the Pass 91  of Adummim, and descended to the Stone of Bohan son of Reuben. 18:18 It crossed to the slope in front of the Arabah to the north and descended into the Arabah. 18:19 It then crossed to the slope of Beth Hoglah to the north and ended at the northern tip of the Salt Sea 92  at the mouth of the Jordan River. 93  This was the southern border. 18:20 The Jordan River borders it on the east. These were the borders of the land assigned to the tribe of Benjamin by its clans. 94 

18:21 These cities belonged to the tribe 95  of Benjamin by its clans: Jericho, 96  Beth Hoglah, Emek Keziz, 18:22 Beth Arabah, Zemaraim, Bethel, 97  18:23 Avvim, Parah, Ophrah, 18:24 Kephar Ammoni, Ophni, and Geba – a total of twelve cities and their towns.

18:25 Gibeon, Ramah, Beeroth, 18:26 Mizpah, Kephirah, Mozah, 18:27 Rekem, Irpeel, Taralah, 18:28 Zelah, Haeleph, the Jebusite city 98  (that is, Jerusalem), 99  Gibeah, and Kiriath – a total of fourteen cities and their towns. 100  This was the land assigned to the tribe of Benjamin 101  by its clans.

Simeon’s Tribal Lands

19:1 The second lot belonged to the tribe of Simeon by its clans. 102  19:2 Their assigned land included 103  Beer Sheba, 104  Moladah, 19:3 Hazar Shual, Balah, Ezem, 19:4 Eltolad, Bethul, Hormah, 19:5 Ziklag, Beth Marcaboth, Hazar Susah, 19:6 Beth Lebaoth, and Sharuhen – a total of thirteen cities and their towns, 19:7 Ain, Rimmon, Ether, and Ashan – a total of four cities and their towns, 19:8 as well as all the towns around these cities as far as Baalath Beer (Ramah of the Negev). This was the land assigned to the tribe of Simeon by its clans. 105  19:9 Simeon’s assigned land was taken from Judah’s allotted portion, for Judah’s territory was too large for them; so Simeon was assigned land within Judah. 106 

Zebulun’s Tribal Lands

19:10 The third lot belonged to the tribe of Zebulun 107  by its clans. The border of their territory 108  extended to Sarid. 19:11 Their border went up westward to Maralah and touched Dabbesheth and the valley near 109  Jokneam. 19:12 From Sarid it turned eastward 110  to the territory of Kisloth Tabor, extended to Daberath, and went up to Japhia. 19:13 From there it crossed eastward to Gath Hepher and Eth Kazin and extended to Rimmon, turning toward Neah. 19:14 It then turned on the north to Hannathon and ended at the Valley of Iphtah El. 19:15 Their territory included Kattah, Nahalal, Shimron, Idalah, and Bethlehem; 111  in all they had twelve cities and their towns. 112  19:16 This was the land assigned to the tribe of Zebulun 113  by its clans, including these cities and their towns.

Issachar’s Tribal Lands

19:17 The fourth lot belonged to the tribe of Issachar 114  by its clans. 19:18 Their assigned land 115  included Jezreel, Kesulloth, Shunem, 19:19 Hapharaim, Shion, Anaharath, 19:20 Rabbith, Kishion, Ebez, 19:21 Remeth, En Gannim, En Haddah and Beth Pazzez. 19:22 Their border touched Tabor, Shahazumah, and Beth Shemesh, and ended at the Jordan. They had sixteen cities and their towns. 19:23 This was the land assigned to the tribe of Issachar 116  by its clans, including the cities and their towns.

Asher’s Tribal Lands

19:24 The fifth lot belonged to the tribe of Asher 117  by its clans. 19:25 Their territory included Helkath, Hali, Beten, Acshaph, 19:26 Alammelech, Amad, and Mishal. Their border touched Carmel to the west and Shihor Libnath. 19:27 It turned eastward toward Beth Dagon, touched Zebulun and the Valley of Iphtah El to the north, as well as the Valley of Emek and Neiel, and extended to Cabul on the north 118  19:28 and on to Ebron, 119  Rehob, Hammon, and Kanah, as far as Greater Sidon. 120  19:29 It then turned toward Ramah as far as the fortified city of Tyre, 121  turned to Hosah, and ended at the sea near Hebel, Aczib, 19:30 Umah, Aphek, and Rehob. In all they had 122  twenty-two cities and their towns. 19:31 This was the land assigned to the tribe of Asher 123  by its clans, including these cities and their towns.

Naphtali’s Tribal Lands

19:32 The sixth lot belonged to the tribe of Naphtali 124  by its clans. 19:33 Their border started at Heleph and the oak of Zaanannim, went to Adami Nekeb, Jabneel and on to Lakkum, 125  and ended at the Jordan River. 126  19:34 It turned westward to Aznoth Tabor, extended from there to Hukok, touched Zebulun on the south, Asher on the west, and the Jordan 127  on the east. 19:35 The fortified cities included Ziddim, Zer, Hammath, Rakkath, Kinnereth, 19:36 Adamah, Ramah, Hazor, 128  19:37 Kedesh, Edrei, En Hazor, 19:38 Yiron, 129  Migdal El, Horem, Beth Anath, and Beth Shemesh. In all they had 130  nineteen cities and their towns. 19:39 This was the land assigned to the tribe of Naphtali 131  by its clans, including the cities and their towns.

Dan’s Tribal Lands

19:40 The seventh lot belonged to the tribe of Dan 132  by its clans. 19:41 Their assigned land included Zorah, Eshtaol, Ir Shemesh, 19:42 Shaalabbin, Aijalon, Ithlah, 19:43 Elon, Timnah, Ekron, 19:44 Eltekeh, Gibbethon, Baalath, 19:45 Jehud, Bene Berak, Gath Rimmon, 19:46 the waters of Jarkon, and Rakkon, including the territory in front of Joppa. 19:47 (The Danites failed to conquer their territory, 133  so they went up and fought with Leshem and captured it. They put the sword to it, took possession of it, and lived in it. They renamed it 134  Dan after their ancestor. 135 ) 19:48 This was the land assigned to the tribe of Dan 136  by its clans, including these cities and their towns.

Joshua Receives Land

19:49 When they finished dividing the land into its regions, the Israelites gave Joshua son of Nun some land. 137  19:50 As the Lord had instructed, they gave him the city he requested – Timnath Serah in the Ephraimite hill country. He built up the city and lived in it.

19:51 These are the land assignments which Eleazar the priest, Joshua son of Nun, and the Israelite tribal leaders 138  made by drawing lots in Shiloh before the Lord at the entrance of the tent of meeting. 139  So they finished dividing up the land.

Israel Designates Cities of Refuge

20:1 The Lord instructed Joshua: 20:2 “Have the Israelites select 140  the cities of refuge 141  that I told you about through Moses. 20:3 Anyone who accidentally kills someone can escape there; 142  these cities will be a place of asylum from the avenger of blood. 20:4 The one who committed manslaughter 143  should escape to one of these cities, stand at the entrance of the city gate, and present his case to the leaders of that city. 144  They should then bring him into the city, give him a place to stay, and let him live there. 145  20:5 When the avenger of blood comes after him, they must not hand over to him the one who committed manslaughter, for he accidentally killed his fellow man without premeditation. 146  20:6 He must remain 147  in that city until his case is decided by the assembly 148  and the high priest dies. 149  Then the one who committed manslaughter may return home to the city from which he escaped.” 150 

20:7 So they selected 151  Kedesh in Galilee in the hill country of Naphtali, Shechem in the hill country of Ephraim, and Kiriath Arba (that is, Hebron) in the hill country of Judah. 20:8 Beyond the Jordan east of Jericho 152  they selected 153  Bezer in the desert on the plain belonging to the tribe of Reuben, Ramoth in Gilead belonging to the tribe of Gad, and Golan in Bashan belonging to the tribe of Manasseh. 20:9 These were the cities of refuge 154  appointed for all the Israelites and for resident foreigners living among them. Anyone who accidentally killed someone could escape there and not be executed by 155  the avenger of blood, at least until his case was reviewed by the assembly. 156 

Levitical Cities

21:1 The tribal leaders of the Levites went before Eleazar the priest and Joshua son of Nun and the Israelite tribal leaders 21:2 in Shiloh in the land of Canaan and said, “The Lord told Moses to assign us cities in which to live along with the grazing areas for our cattle.” 21:3 So the Israelites assigned these cities and their grazing areas to the Levites from their own holdings, as the Lord had instructed.

21:4 The first lot belonged to 157  the Kohathite clans. The Levites who were descendants of Aaron the priest were allotted thirteen cities from the tribes of Judah, Simeon, and Benjamin. 21:5 The rest of Kohath’s descendants were allotted ten cities from the clans of the tribe of Ephraim, and from the tribe of Dan and the half-tribe of Manasseh. 21:6 Gershon’s descendants were allotted thirteen cities from the clans of the tribe of Issachar, and from the tribes of Asher and Naphtali and the half-tribe of Manasseh in Bashan. 21:7 Merari’s descendants by their clans were allotted twelve cities from the tribes of Reuben, Gad, and Zebulun. 21:8 So the Israelites assigned to the Levites by lot these cities and their grazing areas, as the Lord had instructed Moses.

21:9 They assigned from the tribes of Judah and Simeon the cities listed below. 21:10 They were assigned to the Kohathite clans of the Levites who were descendants of Aaron, 158  for the first lot belonged to them. 21:11 They assigned them Kiriath Arba (Arba was the father of Anak), that is, Hebron, in the hill country of Judah, along with its surrounding grazing areas. 21:12 (Now the city’s fields and surrounding towns they had assigned to Caleb son of Jephunneh as his property.) 21:13 So to the descendants of Aaron the priest they assigned Hebron (a city of refuge for one who committed manslaughter), Libnah, 21:14 Jattir, Eshtemoa, 21:15 Holon, Debir, 21:16 Ain, Juttah, and Beth Shemesh, along with the grazing areas of each – a total of nine cities taken from these two tribes. 21:17 From the tribe of Benjamin they assigned 159  Gibeon, Geba, 21:18 Anathoth, and Almon, along with the grazing areas of each – a total of four cities. 21:19 The priests descended from Aaron received thirteen cities and their grazing areas.

21:20 The rest of the Kohathite clans of the Levites were allotted cities from the tribe of Ephraim. 21:21 They assigned them Shechem (a city of refuge for one who committed manslaughter) in the hill country of Ephraim, Gezer, 21:22 Kibzaim, and Beth Horon, along with the grazing areas of each – a total of four cities. 21:23 From the tribe of Dan they assigned Eltekeh, Gibbethon, 21:24 Aijalon, and Gath Rimmon, along with the grazing areas of each – a total of four cities. 21:25 From the half-tribe of Manasseh they assigned Taanach and Gath Rimmon, 160  along with the grazing areas of each – a total of two cities. 21:26 The rest of the Kohathite clans received ten cities and their grazing areas.

21:27 They assigned to the Gershonite clans of the Levites the following cities: 161  from the half-tribe of Manasseh: Golan in Bashan (a city of refuge for one who committed manslaughter) and Beeshtarah, along with the grazing areas of each – a total of two cities; 21:28 from the tribe of Issachar: Kishon, Daberath, 21:29 Jarmuth, and En Gannim, along with the grazing areas of each – a total of four cities; 21:30 from the tribe of Asher: Mishal, Abdon, 21:31 Helkath, and Rehob, along with the grazing areas of each – a total of four cities; 21:32 from the tribe of Naphtali: Kedesh in Galilee (a city of refuge for one who committed manslaughter), Hammoth Dor, and Kartan, along with the grazing areas of each – a total of three cities. 21:33 The Gershonite clans received thirteen cities and their grazing areas.

21:34 They assigned to the Merarite clans (the remaining Levites) the following cities: from the tribe of Zebulun: Jokneam, Kartah, 21:35 Dimnah, and Nahalal, along with the grazing areas of each – a total of four cities; 21:36 162  from the tribe of Reuben: Bezer, Jahaz, 21:37 Kedemoth, and Mephaath, along with the grazing areas of each – a total of four cities; 21:38 from the tribe of Gad: Ramoth in Gilead (a city of refuge for one who committed manslaughter), Mahanaim, 21:39 Heshbon, and Jazer, along with the grazing areas of each – a total of four cities. 21:40 The Merarite clans (the remaining Levites) were allotted twelve cities.

21:41 The Levites received within the land owned by the Israelites 163  forty-eight cities in all and their grazing areas. 21:42 Each of these cities had grazing areas around it; they were alike in this regard. 164 

21:43 So the Lord gave Israel all the land he had solemnly promised to their ancestors, 165  and they conquered 166  it and lived in it. 21:44 The Lord made them secure, 167  in fulfillment of all he had solemnly promised their ancestors. 168  None of their enemies could resist them. 169  21:45 Not one of the Lord’s faithful promises to the family of Israel 170  was left unfulfilled; every one was realized. 171 

1 tn Heb “The lot was to the tribe of the sons of Judah by their clans to the border of Edom, the wilderness of Zin toward the south, southward.”

2 tn Heb “Their southern border was from the end of the Salt Sea, from the tongue that faces to the south.”

sn The Salt Sea is another name for the Dead Sea (also in v. 5).

3 tn Heb “went out.”

4 tn Or “the Ascent of Scorpions” (עַקְרַבִּים [’aqrabbim] means “scorpions” in Hebrew).

5 tn Traditionally “the Brook of Egypt,” although a number of recent translations have “the Wadi of Egypt” (cf. NAB, NIV, NRSV).

6 tn The translation follows the LXX at this point. The MT reads, “This will be your southern border.”

7 tn Heb “end.”

8 tn The word “River” is not in the Hebrew text, but has been supplied for clarity.

9 tn Heb “the border on the northern side was from the tongue of the sea, from the end of the Jordan.”

10 tn Or “ascent.”

11 map For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

12 tn Heb “the Great Sea,” the typical designation for the Mediterranean Sea.

13 tn Heb “this was the border of the sons of Judah round about, by their clans.”

14 tn Heb “To Caleb son of Jephunneh he gave a portion in the midst of the sons of Judah according to the mouth [i.e., command] of the Lord to Joshua, Kiriath Arba (the father of Anak), it is Hebron.”

15 tn Or “dispossessed.”

16 tn Heb “he went up against the inhabitants of Debir.”

17 tn “Caleb’s brother” may refer either to Othniel or to Kenaz. If Kenaz was the brother of Caleb, Othniel is Caleb’s nephew.

18 tn Heb “he”; the referent (Caleb) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

19 tn Heb “she”; the referent (Acsah) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

20 tn Heb “him.” The referent of the pronoun could be Othniel, in which case the translation would be, “she incited him [Othniel] to ask her father for a field.” This is problematic, however, for Acsah, not Othniel, makes the request in v. 19. The LXX has “he [Othniel] urged her to ask her father for a field.” This appears to be an attempt to reconcile the apparent inconsistency and probably does not reflect the original text. If Caleb is understood as the referent of the pronoun, the problem disappears. For a fuller discussion of the issue, see P. G. Mosca, “Who Seduced Whom? A Note on Joshua 15:18//Judges 1:14,” CBQ 46 (1984): 18-22. This incident is also recorded in Judg 1:14.

21 tn Elsewhere this Hebrew word (בְּרָכָה, bÿrakhah) is often translated “blessing,” but here it refers to a gift (as in Gen 33:11; 1 Sam 25:27; 30:26; and 2 Kgs 5:15).

22 tn Heb “This is the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Judah by their clans.”

23 tn Heb “and the cities were at the end of the tribe of the sons of Judah, at the border of Edom, to the south.”

24 map For location see Map1 D2; Map2 D3; Map3 A2; Map4 C1.

25 tn The total number of names in the list is thirty-six, not twenty-nine. Perhaps (1) some of the names are alternatives (though the text appears to delineate clearly such alternative names here and elsewhere, see vv. 8, 9, 10, 13, 25b) or (2), more likely, later scribes added to a list originally numbering twenty-nine and failed to harmonize the concluding summary statement with the expanded list.

26 tn The words “these cities were” have been supplied for English stylistic reasons.

27 tn Or “the foothills”; Heb “the Shephelah.”

28 tn Heb “daughters.”

29 tn See the note on this place name in 15:4.

30 tn Heb “the Great Sea,” the typical designation for the Mediterranean Sea.

31 tn The words “These cities were” have been supplied in the translation for English stylistic reasons.

32 tc Some Hebrew mss and some mss of the LXX read “Rumah” in place of “Dumah.”

33 tn The words “These cities were” have been supplied for English stylistic reasons.

34 map For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

35 sn The statement to this very day reflects the perspective of the author, who must have written prior to David’s conquest of the Jebusites (see 2 Sam 5:6-7).

36 map For location see Map5 B2; Map6 E1; Map7 E1; Map8 E3; Map10 A2; Map11 A1.

37 tn Heb “The lot went out to the sons of Joseph from the Jordan [at] Jericho to the waters of Jericho to the east, the desert going up from Jericho into the hill country of Bethel.”

map For location see Map4 G4; Map5 C1; Map6 E3; Map7 D1; Map8 G3.

38 tn Heb “it”; the referent (the southern border) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

39 tn In the Hebrew text the place name “Luz” has the directive ending, indicating that the border went from Bethel to Luz. Elsewhere Luz and Bethel appear to be names for the same site (cf. Judg 1:23), but here they appear to be distinct. Note that the NIV translates “from Bethel (that is, Luz)” here, following the reading of the LXX, εἰς Βαιθηλ Λουζα (eis Baiqhl Louza, “from Bethel [Luz]”).

40 tn Or “received their inheritance.”

41 tn Heb “The territory of the sons of Ephraim was for their clans.”

42 map For location see Map5 B2; Map6 E1; Map7 E1; Map8 E3; Map10 A2; Map11 A1.

43 tn The word “River” is not in the Hebrew text, but has been supplied in the translation for clarity.

44 tn Heb “This is the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Ephraim.”

45 tn Heb “and the cities set apart for the sons of Ephraim in the midst of the inheritance of the sons of Manasseh, all the cities and their towns.”

46 tn Heb “they”; the referent (the Ephraimites) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

47 tn Heb “and the lot belonged to the tribe of Manasseh, for he was the firstborn of Joseph.”

48 tn Heb “to Makir, the firstborn of Manasseh, the father of Gilead, for he was a man of war.”

49 tn Heb “Gilead and Bashan belonged to him.”

sn On the assignment of Manasseh’s territory in Gilead and Bashan, see Josh 13:31.

50 tn Heb “and it belonged to the sons of Manasseh who remained.”

51 tn Heb “The Lord commanded Moses to assign to us an inheritance in the midst of our brothers.” Since Zelophehad had no sons, “brothers” must refer to their uncles, as the next sentence makes clear.

52 tn Heb “he.” The referent is probably Joshua, although Eleazar is mentioned first in the preceding list.

53 tn Heb “and he assigned to them in accordance with the mouth [i.e., command] of the Lord an inheritance in the midst of the brothers of their father.”

54 tn Heb “and the allotted portions of Manasseh fell out ten.”

55 tn Heb “was.”

56 tn Heb “in front of”; perhaps “east of.”

57 tn Heb “these cities belonged to Ephraim in the midst of the cities of Manasseh.”

58 tn Heb “his”; the referent (Manasseh) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

59 tn Heb “they”; the referent (their territory) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

60 map For location see Map1 D4; Map2 C1; Map4 C2; Map5 F2; Map7 B1.

61 tn Or “the third [is] Napheth”; or “Napheth-dor.” The meaning of the Hebrew phrase is uncertain.

62 tn Heb “Beth Shean and its surrounding towns, Ibleam and its surrounding towns, the residents of Dor and its surrounding towns, the residents of En Dor and its surrounding towns, the residents of Taanach and its surrounding towns, the residents of Megiddo and its surrounding towns, three of Nepheth.”

63 tn Heb “sons”; “men” has been used in the translation because the context involves the conquest of cities; therefore, warriors (hence males) would be in view here.

64 tn Or “were determined.”

65 sn On the Israelites’ failure to conquer the Canaanites completely, see Judg 1:27-28.

66 tn Heb “Why have you given me as an inheritance one lot and one portion, though I am a great people until [the time] which, until now the Lord has blessed me?” The construction עַד אֲשֶׁר־עַד־כֹּה (’ad-asher-ad-koh, “until [the time] which, until now”) is extremely awkward. An emendation of the first עַד (’ad) to עַל (’al) yields a more likely reading: “for until now” (see HALOT 2:787).

67 tn Heb “If you are a great people.”

68 tn The Hebrew text has simply “the hill country,” which must here include the hill country of Ephraim and the forest regions mentioned in v. 15.

69 tn Heb “and there are iron chariots among all the Canaanites who live in the land of the valley, to those who are in Beth Shean and its daughters and to those who are in the Valley of Jezreel.” Regarding the translation “chariots with iron-rimmed wheels” see Y. Yadin, The Art of Warfare in Biblical Lands, 255 and R. Drews, “The ‘Chariots of Iron’ of Joshua and Judges,” JSOT 45 (1989): 15-23.

70 tn Heb “house.”

71 tn The Hebrew text has simply “the hill country,” which must here include the hill country of Ephraim and the forest regions mentioned in v. 15.

72 tn Heb “and its limits will be yours.”

73 tn Heb “the tent of assembly.”

sn On the tent of meeting see Exod 33:7-11.

74 tn Heb “and the land was subdued before them.”

75 tn Heb “there were left among the sons of Israel who had not divided up their inheritance seven tribes.”

76 tn Heb “How long are you putting off entering and possessing.”

77 tn Or “fathers.”

78 tn Heb “I will send them so they may arise and walk about in the land and describe it in writing according to their inheritance and come to me.”

79 tn Heb “portions.”

80 tn Heb “stand.”

81 tn Heb “the house.”

82 tn Or “the priesthood of the Lord.”

83 tn Or “inheritance.”

84 tn Heb “went and passed through.”

85 tn Heb “and the lot came up for the tribe of the sons of Benjamin.”

86 tn Heb “and the territory of their allotment went out between the sons of Judah and the sons of Joseph.”

87 map For location see Map5 B2; Map6 E1; Map7 E1; Map8 E3; Map10 A2; Map11 A1.

88 map For location see Map4 G4; Map5 C1; Map6 E3; Map7 D1; Map8 G3.

89 tn Heb “sons,” here referring to the tribe.

90 tn Or “side.”

91 tn Or “ascent.”

92 sn The Salt Sea is another name for the Dead Sea.

93 tn Heb “to the tongue of the Salt Sea to the north, to the end of the Jordan to the south.” The word “River” is not in the Hebrew text, but is supplied in the translation for clarity (also in the following verse).

94 tn Heb “This was the inheritance of the sons of Benjamin by its borders round about, by their clans.”

95 tn Heb “the sons,” here referring to the tribe.

96 map For location see Map5 B2; Map6 E1; Map7 E1; Map8 E3; Map10 A2; Map11 A1.

97 map For location see Map4 G4; Map5 C1; Map6 E3; Map7 D1; Map8 G3.

98 tn The word “city” is supplied in the translation for clarification.

99 map For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

100 tn The structure of this list presents problems. In v. 28 no conjunction appears before “Haeleph” or “Kiriath” in the Hebrew text. This suggests they should be compounded with the preceding names, yielding “Zelah Haeleph” and “Gibeah Kiriath” respectively. This results in a list of only twelve cities, however, while the summary statement (v. 28) gives the number fourteen. One should note, however, that the city lists in chap. 15 do not consistently use the conjunction before the name of each city. See also Josh 19:7, where no conjunction appears before “Rimmon,” but the summary assumes that Ain and Rimmon are distinct.

101 tn Heb “This is the inheritance of the sons of Benjamin.”

102 tn Heb “and the second lot came out for Simeon, for the tribe of the sons of Simeon by their clans.”

103 tn Heb “and they had in their inheritance.”

104 tc The MT has “and Sheba” listed after “Beer Sheba.” The LXX suggests “Shema.” The Hebrew text appears to be corrupt, since the form “Sheba” duplicates the latter part of the preceding name. If Sheba (or Shema) is retained, the list numbers fourteen, one more than the number given in the concluding summary (v. 6).

105 tn Heb “this was the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Simeon.”

106 tn Heb “from the portion of the sons of Judah was the inheritance of the sons of Simeon for the portion of the sons of Judah was too large for them, and the sons of Simeon received an inheritance in the midst of their inheritance.”

107 tn Heb “and the third lot came up for the sons of Zebulun.”

108 tn Or “inheritance.”

109 tn Heb “in front of”; perhaps “east of.”

110 tn Heb “eastward toward the rising of the sun.”

111 map For location see Map5 B1; Map7 E2; Map8 E2; Map10 B4.

112 tn Heb “Kattah, Nahalal, Shimron, Idalah, and Bethlehem, twelve cities and their towns.” The words “their territory included” and “in all they had” are supplied in the translation for clarification.

113 tn Heb “this is the inheritance of the sons of Zebulun.”

114 tn Heb “the fourth lot came out for the sons of Issachar.”

115 tn Or “their inheritance.”

116 tn Heb “this was the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Issachar.”

117 tn Heb “and the fifth lot came out for the tribe of the sons of Asher.”

118 tn Heb “left.”

119 tc Some Hebrew mss read “Abdon.”

120 map For location see Map1 A1; JP3 F3; JP4 F3.

121 map For location see Map1 A2; Map2 G2; Map4 A1; JP3 F3; JP4 F3.

122 tn The words “in all they had” are supplied in the translation for clarification.

123 tn Heb “this was the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Asher.”

124 tn Heb “the sixth lot came out for the sons of Naphtali, for the sons of Naphtali.”

125 tn Heb “and their border was from Heleph, from the oak of Zaanannim, and Adami Nekeb, and Jabneel to Lakkum.”

126 tn The word “River” is not in the Hebrew text, but has been supplied for clarity.

127 tc The MT reads “Judah, the Jordan”; the LXX omits “Judah.” Perhaps there was a town named Judah, distinct from the tribe of Judah, located near the northern end of the Jordan.

128 map For location see Map1 D2; Map2 D3; Map3 A2; Map4 C1.

129 sn Instead of Yiron some English translations read Iron.

130 tn The words “in all they had” are supplied in the translation for clarification.

131 tn Heb “this was the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Naphtali.”

132 tn Heb “the seventh lot came out for the sons of Dan.”

133 tn Heb “the territory of the sons of Dan went out from them.”

134 tn Heb “Leshem.” The pronoun (“it”) has replaced the name “Leshem” in the translation for stylistic reasons.

135 tn Heb “according to the name of their father.”

136 tn Heb “this was the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Dan.”

137 tn Heb “an inheritance in their midst.”

138 tn Heb “the leaders of the fathers of the tribes.”

139 tn Heb “at the entrance of the tent of assembly.”

sn On the tent of meeting see Exod 33:7-11.

140 tn Heb “Say to the sons of Israel, ‘Set aside for yourselves.’”

141 tn Or “asylum.”

142 tn Heb “so that the one who kills, taking life accidentally without knowledge, may flee there.”

143 tn Heb “he”; the referent (the one who accidentally kills another, cf. v. 2) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

144 tn Heb “and speak into the ears of the elders of that city his words.”

145 tn Heb “and they should gather him into the city to themselves, give to him a place, and he will live with them.”

146 tn Heb “for without knowledge he killed his neighbor, and he was not hating him prior to that.”

147 tn Or “live.”

148 tn Heb “until he stands before the assembly for judgment.”

149 tn Heb “until the death of the high priest who is in those days.”

150 tn Heb “may return and enter his city and his house, the city from which he escaped.”

151 tn Heb “set apart.”

152 map For the location of Jericho see Map5 B2; Map6 E1; Map7 E1; Map8 E3; Map10 A2; Map11 A1.

153 tn Or “set aside.”

154 tn The Hebrew text reads simply “the cities.” The words “for refuge” are supplied for clarification.

155 tn Heb “and not die by the hand of.”

156 tn Heb “until he stands before the assembly.” The words “at least” are supplied for clarification.

157 tn Heb “came out for.”

158 tn Heb “and it belonged to the sons of Aaron, from the Kohathite clans, from the sons of Levi.”

159 tn The words “they assigned” are supplied for clarification (also in vv. 23, 25).

160 tn The name “Gath Rimmon” is problematic here, for it appears in the preceding list of Danite cities. The LXX reads “Iebatha”; 1 Chr 6:55 HT (6:70 ET) reads “Bileam.” Most modern translations retain the name “Gath Rimmon,” however.

161 tn The words “they assigned” and “the following cities” are supplied for clarification (also in v. 34).

162 tc 21:36-37 are accidentally omitted from a number of significant Hebrew mss. They are, however, found in some Hebrew mss, the LXX and Vulgate.

163 tn Heb “in the midst of the possession of the sons of Israel.”

164 tn Heb “these cities were city [by] city, and its grazing areas [were] around it; so [it was] for all these cities.”

165 tn Heb “which he had sworn to give to their fathers.”

166 tn Or “possessed.”

167 tn Heb “gave them rest all around.”

168 tn Heb “according to all he swore to their fathers.”

169 tn Heb “not a man stood from before them from all their enemies.”

170 tn Heb “the house of Israel.” Cf. NCV “the Israelites”; TEV “the people of Israel”; CEV, NLT “Israel.”

171 tn Heb “not a word from all the good word which the Lord spoke to the house of Israel fell; the whole came to pass.”



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