11:1 When King Jabin of Hazor 1 heard the news, he organized a coalition, including 2 King Jobab of Madon, the king of Shimron, the king of Acshaph, 11:2 and the northern kings who ruled in 3 the hill country, the Arabah south of Kinnereth, 4 the lowlands, and the heights of Dor to the west. 11:3 Canaanites came 5 from the east and west; Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, and Jebusites from the hill country; and Hivites from below Hermon in the area 6 of Mizpah. 11:4 These kings came out with their armies; they were as numerous as the sand on the seashore and had a large number of horses and chariots. 7 11:5 All these kings gathered and joined forces 8 at the Waters of Merom to fight Israel.
2 tn Heb “he sent to.”
3 tn Heb “and to the kings who [are] from the north in.”
4 tn Heb “Chinneroth,” a city and plain located in the territory of Naphtali in Galilee (BDB 490 s.v. כִּנֶּרֶת, כִּנֲרוֹת).
sn Kinnereth was a city in Galilee located near the Sea of Galilee (Deut 3:17). The surrounding region also became known by this name (1 Kgs 15:20; cf. Matt 14:34), and eventually even the lake itself (Josh 12:3; cf. Luke 5:1).
6 tn Or “land.”
7 tn Heb “They and all their camps with them came out, a people as numerous as the sand which is on the edge of the sea in multitude, and [with] horses and chariots very numerous.”
8 tn Heb “and came and camped together.”