5:21 For just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, 1 so also the Son gives life to whomever he wishes. 2
5:39 You study the scriptures thoroughly 3 because you think in them you possess eternal life, 4 and it is these same scriptures 5 that testify about me, 5:40 but you are not willing to come to me so that you may have life.
1 tn Grk “and makes them live.”
2 tn Grk “the Son makes whomever he wants to live.”
3 tn Or “Study the scriptures thoroughly” (an imperative). For the meaning of the verb see G. Delling, TDNT 2:655-57.
4 sn In them you possess eternal life. Note the following examples from the rabbinic tractate Pirqe Avot (“The Sayings of the Fathers”): Pirqe Avot 2:8, “He who has acquired the words of the law has acquired for himself the life of the world to come”; Pirqe Avot 6:7, “Great is the law for it gives to those who practice it life in this world and in the world to come.”
5 tn The words “same scriptures” are not in the Greek text, but are supplied to clarify the referent (“these”).