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John 2:11

Context
2:11 Jesus did this as the first of his miraculous signs, 1  in Cana 2  of Galilee. In this way he revealed 3  his glory, and his disciples believed in him. 4 

John 2:18

Context

2:18 So then the Jewish leaders 5  responded, 6  “What sign can you show us, since you are doing these things?” 7 

John 2:23

Context
Jesus at the Passover Feast

2:23 Now while Jesus 8  was in Jerusalem 9  at the feast of the Passover, many people believed in his name because they saw the miraculous signs he was doing. 10 

1 tn This sentence in Greek involves an object-complement construction. The force can be either “Jesus did this as,” or possibly “Jesus made this to be.” The latter translation accents not only Jesus’ power but his sovereignty too. Cf. also 4:54 where the same construction occurs.

2 map For location see Map1 C3; Map2 D2; Map3 C5.

3 tn Grk “in Cana of Galilee, and he revealed.”

4 tn Or “his disciples trusted in him,” or “his disciples put their faith in him.”

5 tn Or “the Jewish authorities”; Grk “the Jews.” In NT usage the term ᾿Ιουδαῖοι (Ioudaioi) may refer to the entire Jewish people, the residents of Jerusalem and surrounding territory, the authorities in Jerusalem, or merely those who were hostile to Jesus. Here the author refers to the authorities or leaders in Jerusalem. (For further information see R. G. Bratcher, “‘The Jews’ in the Gospel of John,” BT 26 [1975]: 401-9.)

6 tn Grk “answered and said to him.”

7 sn The request “What sign can you show us” by Jesus’ adversaries was a request for a defense of his actions – a mark of divine authentication. Whether this was a request for a miracle is not entirely clear. Jesus never obliged such a request. Yet, ironically, the only sign the Jewish leadership will get is that predicted by Jesus in 2:19 – his crucifixion and resurrection. Cf. the “sign of Jonah” in the synoptics (Matt 12:39, 40; Luke 11:29-32).

8 tn Grk “he”; the referent (Jesus) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

9 map For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

10 sn Because they saw the miraculous signs he was doing. The issue here is not whether their faith was genuine or not, but what its object was. These individuals, after seeing the miracles, believed Jesus to be the Messiah. They most likely saw in him a political-eschatological figure of some sort. That does not, however, mean that their concept of “Messiah” was the same as Jesus’ own, or the author’s.



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