1:51 He continued, 1 “I tell all of you the solemn truth 2 – you will see heaven opened and the angels of God ascending and descending on the Son of Man.” 3
4:5 Now he came to a Samaritan town 4 called Sychar, 5 near the plot of land that Jacob had given to his son Joseph. 6
4:12 Surely you’re not greater than our ancestor 7 Jacob, are you? For he gave us this well and drank from it himself, along with his sons and his livestock.” 8
1 tn Grk “and he said to him.”
2 tn Grk “Truly, truly, I say to you.”
3 sn The title Son of Man appears 13 times in John’s Gospel. It is associated especially with the themes of crucifixion (3:14; 8:28), revelation (6:27; 6:53), and eschatological authority (5:27; 9:35). The title as used in John’s Gospel has for its background the son of man figure who appears in Dan 7:13-14 and is granted universal regal authority. Thus for the author, the emphasis in this title is not on Jesus’ humanity, but on his heavenly origin and divine authority.
4 tn Grk “town of Samaria.” The noun Σαμαρείας (Samareias) has been translated as an attributive genitive.
5 sn Sychar was somewhere in the vicinity of Shechem, possibly the village of Askar, 1.5 km northeast of Jacob’s well.
7 tn Or “our forefather”; Grk “our father.”
8 tn Questions prefaced with μή (mh) in Greek anticipate a negative answer. This can sometimes be indicated by using a “tag” at the end. In this instance all of v. 12 is one question. It has been broken into two sentences for the sake of English style (instead of “for he” the Greek reads “who”).