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Job 22:9-11

Context

22:9 you sent widows away empty-handed,

and the arms 1  of the orphans you crushed. 2 

22:10 That is why snares surround you,

and why sudden fear terrifies you,

22:11 why it is so dark you cannot see, 3 

and why a flood 4  of water covers you.

1 tn The “arms of the orphans” are their helps or rights on which they depended for support.

2 tn The verb in the text is Pual: יְדֻכָּא (yÿdukka’, “was [were] crushed”). GKC 388 §121.b would explain “arms” as the complement of a passive imperfect. But if that is too difficult, then a change to Piel imperfect, second person, will solve the difficulty. In its favor is the parallelism, the use of the second person all throughout the section, and the reading in all the versions. The versions may have simply assumed the easier reading, however.

3 tn Heb “or dark you cannot see.” Some commentators and the RSV follow the LXX in reading אוֹ (’o, “or”) as אוֹר (’or, “light”) and translate it “The light has become dark” or “Your light has become dark.” A. B. Davidson suggests the reading “Or seest thou not the darkness.” This would mean Job does not understand the true meaning of the darkness and the calamities.

4 tn The word שִׁפְעַת (shifat) means “multitude of.” It is used of men, camels, horses, and here of waters in the heavens.



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