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Judges 4:1-3

Context
Deborah Summons Barak

4:1 The Israelites again did evil in the Lord’s sight 1  after Ehud’s death. 4:2 The Lord turned them over to 2  King Jabin of Canaan, who ruled in Hazor. 3  The general of his army was Sisera, who lived in Harosheth Haggoyim. 4  4:3 The Israelites cried out for help to the Lord, because Sisera 5  had nine hundred chariots with iron-rimmed wheels, 6  and he cruelly 7  oppressed the Israelites for twenty years.

1 tn Heb “did evil in the eyes of the Lord.”

2 tn Heb “the Lord sold them into the hands of.”

3 tn Or “King Jabin of Hazor, a Canaanite ruler.”

map For location see Map1 D2; Map2 D3; Map3 A2; Map4 C1.

4 tn Or “Harosheth of the Pagan Nations”; cf. KJV “Harosheth of the Gentiles.”

5 tn Heb “he”; the referent (Sisera) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

6 tn Regarding the translation “chariots with iron-rimmed wheels,” see Y. Yadin, The Art of Warfare in Biblical Lands, 255, and the article by R. Drews, “The ‘Chariots of Iron’ of Joshua and Judges,” JSOT 45 (1989): 15-23.

7 tn Heb “with strength.”



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