2:10 That entire generation passed away; 1 a new generation grew up 2 that had not personally experienced the Lord’s presence or seen what he had done for Israel. 3
2:11 The Israelites did evil before 4 the Lord by worshiping 5 the Baals. 2:12 They abandoned the Lord God of their ancestors 6 who brought them out of the land of Egypt. They followed other gods – the gods of the nations who lived around them. They worshiped 7 them and made the Lord angry. 2:13 They abandoned the Lord and worshiped Baal and the Ashtars. 8
2:14 The Lord was furious with Israel 9 and handed them over to robbers who plundered them. 10 He turned them over to 11 their enemies who lived around them. They could not withstand their enemies’ attacks. 12 2:15 Whenever they went out to fight, 13 the Lord did them harm, 14 just as he had warned and solemnly vowed he would do. 15 They suffered greatly. 16
2:16 The Lord raised up leaders 17 who delivered them from these robbers. 18 2:17 But they did not obey 19 their leaders. Instead they prostituted themselves to other gods and worshiped 20 them. They quickly turned aside from the path 21 their ancestors 22 had walked. Their ancestors had obeyed the Lord’s commands, but they did not. 23 2:18 When the Lord raised up leaders for them, the Lord was with each leader and delivered the people 24 from their enemies while the leader remained alive. The Lord felt sorry for them 25 when they cried out in agony because of what their harsh oppressors did to them. 26 2:19 When a leader died, the next generation 27 would again 28 act more wickedly than the previous one. 29 They would follow after other gods, worshiping them 30 and bowing down to them. They did not give up 31 their practices or their stubborn ways.
2:20 The Lord was furious with Israel. 32 He said, “This nation 33 has violated the terms of the agreement I made with their ancestors 34 by disobeying me. 35 2:21 So I will no longer remove before them any of the nations that Joshua left unconquered when he died. 2:22 Joshua left those nations 36 to test 37 Israel. I wanted to see 38 whether or not the people 39 would carefully walk in the path 40 marked out by 41 the Lord, as their ancestors 42 were careful to do.” 2:23 This is why 43 the Lord permitted these nations to remain and did not conquer them immediately; 44 he did not hand them over to Joshua.
1 tn Heb “All that generation were gathered to their fathers.”
2 tn Heb “arose after them.”
3 tn Heb “that did not know the
4 tn Heb “in the eyes of.”
5 tn Or “serving”; or “following.”
6 tn Or “fathers.”
7 tn Or “bowed before” (the same expression occurs in the following verse).
8 tn Some English translations simply transliterate the plural Hebrew term (“Ashtaroth,” cf. NAB, NASB), pluralize the transliterated Hebrew singular form (“Ashtoreths,” cf. NIV), or use a variation of the name (“Astartes,” cf. NRSV).
sn The Ashtars were local manifestations of the goddess Astarte.
9 tn Or “The
10 tn Heb “robbers who robbed them.” (The verb שָׁסָה [shasah] appears twice in the verse.)
sn The expression robbers who plundered them is a derogatory reference to the enemy nations, as the next line indicates.
11 tn Heb “sold them into the hands of.”
12 tn The word “attacks” is supplied in the translation both for clarity and for stylistic reasons.
13 tn The expression “to fight” is interpretive.
14 tn Heb “the
15 tn Heb “just as he had said and just as he had sworn to them.”
16 tn Or “they experienced great distress.”
17 tn Or more traditionally, “judges” (also in vv. 17, 18 [3x], 19). Since these figures carried out more than a judicial function, also serving as rulers and (in several instances) as military commanders, the translation uses the term “leaders.”
18 tn Heb “and they delivered them from the hand of the ones robbing them.”
19 tn Or “did not listen to.”
20 tn Or “bowed before.”
21 tn Or “way [of life].”
22 tn Or “fathers.”
23 tn Heb “…walked, obeying the
24 tn Heb “them”; the referent (the people) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
25 tn The phrase “for them” is supplied in the translation for clarity.
26 tn Heb “the ones oppressing them and afflicting them.” The synonyms “oppressing” and “afflicting” are joined together in the translation as “harsh oppressors” to emphasize the cruel character of their enemies.
27 tn Heb “they”; the referent (the next generation) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
28 tn The verb שׁוּב (shuv, “to return; to turn”) is sometimes translated “turn back” here, but it is probably used in an adverbial sense, indicating that the main action (“act wickedly”) is being repeated.
29 tn Heb “their fathers.”
sn The statement the next generation would again act more wickedly than the previous one must refer to the successive sinful generations after Joshua, not Joshua’s godly generation (cf. vv. 7, 17).
30 tn Or “serving [them]”; or “following [them].”
31 tn Or “drop.”
32 tn Or “The
33 tn Heb “Because this nation.”
34 tn Heb “my covenant which I commanded their fathers.”
35 tn Heb “and has not listened to my voice.” The expression “to not listen to [God’s] voice” is idiomatic here for disobeying him.
36 tn The words “Joshua left those nations” are interpretive. The Hebrew text of v. 22 simply begins with “to test.” Some subordinate this phrase to “I will no longer remove” (v. 21). In this case the
37 tn The Hebrew text includes the phrase “by them,” but this is somewhat redundant in English and has been omitted from the translation for stylistic reasons.
38 tn The words “I [i.e., the
39 tn Heb “they”; the referent (the people) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
40 tn Or “way [of life].”
41 tn “The words “marked out by” are interpretive.
42 tn Or “fathers.”
43 tn The words “this is why” are interpretive.
44 tn Or “quickly.”