1:28 Whenever Israel was strong militarily, they forced the Canaanites to do hard labor, but they never totally conquered them.
1:29 The men of Ephraim did not conquer the Canaanites living in Gezer. The Canaanites lived among them in Gezer.
1:31 The men of Asher did not conquer the people living in Acco or Sidon, 2 nor did they conquer Ahlab, Aczib, Helbah, Aphek, or Rehob. 3 1:32 The people of Asher live among the Canaanites residing in the land because they did not conquer them.
1:33 The men of Naphtali did not conquer the people living in Beth Shemesh or Beth Anath. 4 They live among the Canaanites residing in the land. The Canaanites 5 living in Beth Shemesh and Beth Anath were forced to do hard labor for them.
1:34 The Amorites forced the people of Dan to live in the hill country. They did not allow them to live in 6 the coastal plain. 1:35 The Amorites managed 7 to remain in Har Heres, 8 Aijalon, and Shaalbim. Whenever the tribe of Joseph was strong militarily, 9 the Amorites were forced to do hard labor.
1 tn Heb “the people living in Kitron and the people living in Nahalol.”
3 tn Heb “The men of Asher did not conquer the people living in Acco, the people living in Sidon, Ahlab, Acco, Helbah, Aphek, or Rehob.”
4 tn Heb “the people living in Beth Shemesh or the people living in Beth Anath.”
5 tn The term “Canaanites” is supplied here both for clarity and for stylistic reasons.
6 tn Heb “come down into.”
7 tn Or “were determined.”
8 tn Or “Mount Heres”; the term הַר (har) means “mount” or “mountain” in Hebrew.
9 tn Heb “Whenever the hand of the tribe of Joseph was heavy.”