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Isaiah 45:17

Context

45:17 Israel will be delivered once and for all by the Lord; 1 

you will never again be ashamed or humiliated. 2 

Isaiah 49:3

Context

49:3 He said to me, “You are my servant,

Israel, through whom I will reveal my splendor.” 3 

1 tn Heb “Israel will be delivered by the Lord [with] a permanent deliverance.”

2 tn Heb “you will not be ashamed and you will not be humiliated for ages of future time.”

3 sn This verse identifies the servant as Israel. This seems to refer to the exiled nation (cf. 41:8-9; 44:1-2, 21; 45:4; 48:20), but in vv. 5-6 this servant says he has been commissioned to reconcile Israel to God, so he must be distinct from the exiled nation. This servant is an ideal “Israel” who, like Moses of old, mediates a covenant for the nation (see v. 8), leads them out of bondage (v. 9a), and carries out God’s original plan for Israel by positively impacting the pagan nations (see v. 6b). By living according to God’s law, Israel was to be a model of God’s standards of justice to the surrounding nations (Deut 4:6-8). The sinful nation failed, but the servant, the ideal “Israel,” will succeed by establishing justice throughout the earth.



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