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Isaiah 38:3-5

Context
38:3 “Please, Lord. Remember how I have served you 1  faithfully and with wholehearted devotion, 2  and how I have carried out your will.” 3  Then Hezekiah wept bitterly. 4 

38:4 The Lord told Isaiah, 5  38:5 “Go and tell Hezekiah: ‘This is what the Lord God of your ancestor 6  David says: “I have heard your prayer; I have seen your tears. Look, I will add fifteen years to your life,

Isaiah 38:13-16

Context

38:13 I cry out 7  until morning;

like a lion he shatters all my bones;

you turn day into night and end my life. 8 

38:14 Like a swallow or a thrush I chirp,

I coo 9  like a dove;

my eyes grow tired from looking up to the sky. 10 

O sovereign master, 11  I am oppressed;

help me! 12 

38:15 What can I say?

He has decreed and acted. 13 

I will walk slowly all my years because I am overcome with grief. 14 

38:16 O sovereign master, your decrees can give men life;

may years of life be restored to me. 15 

Restore my health 16  and preserve my life.’

1 tn Heb “walked before you.” For a helpful discussion of the background and meaning of this Hebrew idiom, see M. Cogan and H. Tadmor, II Kings (AB), 254.

2 tn Heb “and with a complete heart”; KJV, ASV “with a perfect heart.”

3 tn Heb “and that which is good in your eyes I have done.”

4 tn Heb “wept with great weeping”; NCV “cried loudly”; TEV “began to cry bitterly.”

5 tn Heb “and the word of the Lord came to Isaiah, saying.”

6 tn Heb “father” (so KJV, NAB, NIV).

7 tn The verb form in the Hebrew text is a Piel from שָׁוַה (shavah). There are two homonyms שָׁוַה, one meaning in the Piel “level, smooth out,” the other “set, place.” Neither fits in v. 13. It is likely that the original reading was שִׁוַּעְתִּי (shivvati, “I cry out”) from the verbal root שָׁוַע (shava’), which occurs exclusively in the Piel.

8 tn Heb “from day to night you bring me to an end.”

9 tn Or “moan” (ASV, NAB, NASB, NRSV); KJV, CEV “mourn.”

10 tn Heb “my eyes become weak, toward the height.”

11 tn The Hebrew term translated “sovereign master” here and in v. 16 is אֲדֹנָי (’adonay).

12 tn Heb “stand surety for me.” Hezekiah seems to be picturing himself as a debtor who is being exploited; he asks that the Lord might relieve his debt and deliver him from the oppressive creditor.

13 tn Heb “and he has spoken and he has acted.”

14 tn Heb “because of the bitterness of my soul.”

15 tn The translation offered here is purely speculative. The text as it stands is meaningless and probably corrupt. It reads literally, “O lord, on account of them [the suffix is masculine plural], they live, and to all in them [the suffix is feminine plural], life of my spirit.”

16 tn The prefixed verbal form could be taken as indicative, “you restore my health,” but the following imperatival form suggests it be understood as an imperfect of request.



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